Impacts of Climate Change on Fruit Crops: A Comprehensive Review of Physiological, Phenological, and Pest-Related Responses

Shubham Yadav

Department of Fruit Science, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

J. R. Korat

Division of Fruit Crops,ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, India.

Sanjeev Yadav

Department of Horticulture, Institute of Agriculture Science, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Kabita Mondal

Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, Extended Campus of Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya Majhian, Dakshin Dinajpur, West Bengal, India.

Anuj Kumar

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Homeshvari

Department of Horticulture (Fruit Science), College of Agriculture, JNKVV, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Suneel Kumar *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This review paper comprehensively examines the multifaceted effects of climate change on fruit crops, delving into physiological, phenological, and pest-related responses. Climate change, characterized by shifts in temperature, precipitation patterns, and extreme events, presents profound challenges to fruit crop cultivation and production. By analyzing the interplay between climate variations and fruit crops' physiological processes, flowering patterns, and susceptibility to pests, this paper aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the intricate mechanisms underlying these interactions. The study encompasses the influence of drought, rainfall, temperature fluctuations, and pest dynamics on various fruit crops, ranging from mangoes and apples to bananas, grapes, and more. The review underscores the urgency of developing adaptive strategies to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change on fruit crop production and quality.

Keywords: Climate change, temperature, rainfall, drought, fruit crop, pest management


How to Cite

Yadav , Shubham, J. R. Korat, Sanjeev Yadav, Kabita Mondal, Anuj Kumar, Homeshvari, and Suneel Kumar. 2023. “Impacts of Climate Change on Fruit Crops: A Comprehensive Review of Physiological, Phenological, and Pest-Related Responses”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):363-71. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113179.

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