Role of Biological Carbon Mitigation in Carbon Sequestration: A Review

Apoorva Guddaraddi

Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, Maharashtra, 444001, India.

Pawan Kumar Goutam *

Department of Crop Physiology, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208002, India.

Pallavi Sonaniya

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, 474001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

D. R. K. Saikanth

SRF, ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X Hyderabad, India.

SK. Abirami

Environmental Engineering, Erode Sengunthar Engineering College, Thudupathi, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India.

Vineet Dheer

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208002, India.

Mubashir Sadiq V.

Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, IARI, New Delhi, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The imperative to address climate change has ushered in a growing interest in carbon sequestration as a mitigation strategy. While current methods offer some promise, they also come with a host of challenges, including technological limitations, environmental impacts, and economic barriers. This review paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the future prospects and recommendations for advancing carbon sequestration methods. Technological innovations are highlighted, particularly the advent of Direct Air Capture technologies, bioengineering for enhanced biological mitigation, and material science for more efficient storage. The policy landscape is discussed, emphasizing the need for robust carbon pricing mechanisms and international collaboration. Additionally, the paper identifies pressing areas for further research, such as long-term impact studies, the exploration of social and economic implications, and advances in monitoring and verification technologies. By synthesizing the emerging trends and potential strategies for overcoming current limitations, this paper aims to provide a cohesive roadmap for making carbon sequestration a viable and effective tool in the global effort to combat climate change.

Keywords: Sequestration, technology, policy, research, sustainability

How to Cite

Guddaraddi, A., Goutam , P. K., Sonaniya , P., Saikanth , D. R. K., Abirami , S., Dheer , V., & Mubashir Sadiq V. (2023). Role of Biological Carbon Mitigation in Carbon Sequestration: A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(11), 749–757.


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