Effect of Sewage on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in Unnao District (U.P.), India

Arpita Soni *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, CSAUA&T, Kanpur (U.P.)-208002, India.

Anil Kumar

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, CSAUA&T, Kanpur (U.P.)-208002, India.

Abhishek Kumar

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, CSAUA&T, Kanpur (U.P.)-208002, India.

Ravindra Sachan

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, CSAUA&T, Kanpur (U.P.)-208002, India.

Ram Ashish

Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, CSAUA&T, Kanpur (U.P.)-208002, India.

Anupama Verma

Department of Crop Physiology, CSAUA&T, Kanpur (U.P.)-208002, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This study was conducted during 2021-22 considering various vegetable growing farmers in Unnao District (U.P.), India to find out the effect of using sewage as the only source of irrigation to their crops. In this study, 250 surface soil samples collected from farmer’s field were analyzed for Physical as well as Chemical parameters. The physical properties of soils improved due to sewage application; Bulk density ranged from 1.04 to 1.42 Mg m-3 and particle density ranged between 2.61 to 2.88 Mg m-3 and Porosity ranged between 53.4 to 61.85 with mean of 56.87 percent. Chemical Parameters such as pH, E.C., O.C., Available N, P & K were also analyzed and the results indicated that soils had a mean normal pH of 7.2, E.C. of 0.76 dSm-1, O.C. of 56.80. Available nitrogen ranged from 565 – 1217 kg ha-1 with mean of 879.56 kg ha-1.The Phosphorus availability was found ranging from 14.40 – 33.5 kg ha-1 with a mean of 23.98 kg ha-1, while Potassium was found with a mean of 205.30 kg ha-1 in range of 174 – 235 kg ha-1.

Keywords: Bulk density, nitrogen, particle density, pH, phosphorous and potassium

How to Cite

Soni , A., Kumar , A., Kumar , A., Sachan , R., Ashish , R., & Verma , A. (2023). Effect of Sewage on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in Unnao District (U.P.), India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(11), 771–775. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113225


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