Exploring the Significance of Insects in Ecosystems: A Comprehensive Examination of Entomological Studies

Ram Prakash Sharma

Entomology, KV K Madhepura, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur, India.

Anasuya Boruah *

Department of Agronomy, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India.

Anam Khan

Entomology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Sri Ramswaroop Memorial University, Lucknow-Deva Road, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh (225003), India.

P. Thilagam

Tamil-Nadu Agricultural University, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Jeenur Krishnagiri, India.

Akanksha

Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, India.

S. Sivakumar

Horticulture College and Research Institute, Periyakulam, Tamil Nadu, India.

Priyanka Dhapola

Department of Entomology, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India.

Bal Veer Singh

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The dynamic and expansive field of entomology is poised for transformative changes, thanks to technological advancements and the emergence of new avenues of research. Traditional methodologies like specimen collection and observation are increasingly being complemented by state-of-the-art techniques such as environmental DNA (eDNA) analysis, CRISPR genome editing, remote sensing, and artificial intelligence. The eDNA methodology, for example, offers a non-invasive approach to monitor elusive or endangered insect species, thereby enriching biodiversity databases. Genome editing technologies like CRISPR have enabled nuanced manipulation of insect genes, providing a deeper understanding of their physiology and behavior. Moreover, artificial intelligence and machine learning contribute to automated species identification and predictive modeling of insect populations, offering invaluable insights for conservation efforts. In terms of emerging fields, insect neurobiology, microbiomics, and environmental entomology are gaining prominence. Neurobiological studies are dissecting the neural substrates of insect behaviors, which not only deepen our basic biological understanding but also have implications in robotics and AI. Microbiomics explores the symbiotic relationships between insects and their microbial communities, revealing avenues for novel pest control strategies. Environmental entomology focuses on the impacts of habitat change and climate variability on insect populations, which is crucial for biodiversity conservation. Acknowledging the concerted efforts of researchers, academic institutions, and funding bodies is essential, as these stakeholders shape the field's future direction. Thus, entomology stands at the cusp of a new era, enriched by technological innovations and multidisciplinary approaches. These advancements hold the promise of significantly broadening our understanding of insects' roles in ecosystems, their adaptability, and their importance in maintaining ecological balance. This future direction not only provides exciting prospects for scientific inquiry but also brings forth substantial implications for the sustainable management of ecosystems and conservation policy.

Keywords: Entomology, technology, conservation, neurobiology, microbiomics


How to Cite

Sharma , R. P., Boruah , A., Khan, A., Thilagam, P., Akanksha, Sivakumar , S., Dhapola, P., & Singh , B. V. (2023). Exploring the Significance of Insects in Ecosystems: A Comprehensive Examination of Entomological Studies. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(11), 1243–1252. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113276

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hawksworth DL. Global species numbers of fungi: are tropical studies and molecular approaches contributing to a more robust estimate?. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2012;21:2425-2433.

Ghazoul J. Ecology: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. 2020.

Rose JR, Bharadwaj N. Sustainable innovation: Additive manufacturing and the emergence of a cyclical take‐make‐transmigrate process at a pioneering industry–university collaboration. Journal of Product Innovation Management. 2023;40(4):433-450.

Ollerton J. Pollinators and pollination: nature and society. Pelagic Publishing Ltd; 2021.

Elias EH, Flynn R, Idowu OJ, Reyes J, Sanogo S, Schutte BJ, Sutherland C. Crop vulnerability to weather and climate risk: Analysis of interacting systems and adaptation efficacy for sustainable crop production. Sustainability. 2019;11(23): 6619.

Agosta SJ, Klemens JA. Ecological fitting by phenotypically flexible genotypes: implications for species associations, community assembly and evolution. Ecology Letters. 2008;11(11): 1123-1134.

Rivers DB, Dahlem GA. The science of forensic entomology. John Wiley & Sons; 2022.

Woodard SH, Lozier JD, Goulson D, Williams PH, Strange JP, Jha S. Molecular tools and bumble bees: revealing hidden details of ecology and evolution in a model system. Molecular Ecology. 2015;24(12): 2916-2936.

Shivaprakash KN, Swami N, Mysorekar S, Arora R, Gangadharan A, Vohra K, Kiesecker JM. Potential for artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) applications in biodiversity conservation, managing forests, and related services in India. Sustainability. 2022;14(12): 7154.

Senapathi D, Biesmeijer JC, Breeze TD, Kleijn D, Potts SG, Carvalheiro LG. Pollinator conservation—the difference between managing for pollination services and preserving pollinator diversity. Current opinion in insect science. 2015;12: 93-101.

Bauder JAS, Karolyi F. Superlong proboscises as co-adaptations to flowers. Insect Mouthparts: Form, Function, Development and Performance. 2019;479-527.

Watson R, Baste I, Larigauderie A, Leadley P, Pascual U, Baptiste B, Mooney H. Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. IPBES Secretariat: Bonn, Germany. 2019;22-47.

Baylis K, Lichtenberg EM, Lichtenberg E. Economics of pollination. Annual Review of Resource Economics. 2021;13: 335-354.

Decourtye A, Alaux C, Le Conte Y, Henry, M. Toward the protection of bees and pollination under global change: present and future perspectives in a challenging applied science. Current opinion in insect science .2019;35:123-131.

Sans-Fuentes MA, Meixner T. The role of biodiversity in the hydrological cycle. Water Bankruptcy in the Land of Plenty. 2017; 249.

Parmenter RR, MacMahon JA. Carrion decomposition and nutrient cycling in a semiaridshrub–steppe ecosystem. Ecological Monographs. 2009; 79(4):637-661.

Ayilara MS, Olanrewaju OS, Babalola OO, Odeyemi O. Waste management through composting: Challenges and potentials. Sustainability .2020;12(11): 4456.

Bonnaud E, Medina FM, Vidal E, Nogales, M, Tershy B, Zavaleta E, Horwath SV. The diet of feral cats on islands: a review and a call for more studies. Biological Invasions. 2011;13:581-603.

Kaltenpoth M, Flórez LV. Versatile and dynamic symbioses between insects and Burkholderia bacteria. Annual Review of Entomology. 2020;65:145-170.

Clements DR, Ditommaso A. Climate change and weed adaptation: can evolution of invasive plants lead to greater range expansion than forecasted?. Weed research. 2011;51(3):227-240.

Le Conte Y, Navajas M. Climate change: impact on honey bee populations and diseases. Revue Scientifique et Technique-Office International des Epizooties. 2008;27(2):499-510.

Lefranc N. Shrikes of the World. Bloomsbury Publishing; 2022.

Samways MJ, Barton PS, Birkhofer K, Chichorro F, Deacon C, Fartmann T, Cardoso P. Solutions for humanity on how to conserve insects. Biological Conservation .2020;242:108427.

Wilson EO, Durán JMG. Kingdom of ants: José Celestino Mutis and the dawn of natural history in the New World. JHU Press; 2010.

Bohmann K, Evans A, Gilbert MTP, Carvalho GR, Creer S, Knapp M, De Bruyn M. Environmental DNA for wildlife biology and biodiversity monitoring. Trends in ecology & evolution. 2014;29(6): 358-367.

Gill RJ, Baldock KC, Brown MJ, Cresswell, JE, Dicks LV, Fountain MT, Potts SG. Protecting an ecosystem service: approaches to understanding and mitigating threats to wild insect pollinators. In Advances in ecological research. 2016;54:135-206. Academic Press.

Douglas AE. Insects and their beneficial microbes. Princeton University Press; 2022.