Perspective, Challenges for Biological and Chemical Management of Important Diseases of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.): A Review

K. Kumar *

School of Agriculture, Galgotias University, Greater Noida-201301 (U.P.), India.

A. S. Yadav

School of Agriculture, Galgotias University, Greater Noida-201301 (U.P.), India.

A. Kumar

Department of Plant Pathology, Amar Singh P. G. College (CCS University Meerut), Lakhaoti, Bulandshahar- 203407, U.P., India.

S. P. Vishwakarma

AISECT University Matwari, Hajaribagh, Jharkhand, India.

R. Prasad

ITM University Gwalior, M.P., India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Use of biological agents and fungicides like- T. viride at 2.5%, T. harzianum @ 2.5% and Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 2%, neem leaf extract at 10%, garlic extract at 10%, and carbendazim at 0.1% as a fungicide in powdery mildew disease for give the better results compare to control. A germplasms lines of mungbean were tested for resistance to Macrophomina phaseolina along with JL-781 as a susceptible check in sick plots these test lines. Among the 2 were moderate resistant, 1 germplasm was moderate susceptible, 1 germplasm was susceptible and JL-781 to highly susceptible. A visual scoring index (VSI) was used to evaluate the signs and symptoms of MYMV infection. Compared to the primed plants, which only had 14% of the same symptoms, more than 70% of the unprimed plants had symptoms that were considered serious or deadly. Whitefly control with insecticides has been deemed helpful for managing yellow mosaic virus. The environment and human health were also negatively impacted by the over usage of chemicals. Preventive and therapeutic measures using pesticides effectively is crucial for preventing soil-dwelling and seed-borne infections across all IDM strategies. All of the fungicides outperformed traditional fungicides in terms of performance.

Keywords: Mungbean, powdery mildew, leaf blight and mungbean yellow mosaic virus

How to Cite

Kumar , K., Yadav , A. S., Kumar , A., Vishwakarma , S. P., & Prasad , R. (2023). Perspective, Challenges for Biological and Chemical Management of Important Diseases of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.): A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(11), 1285–1292.


Download data is not yet available.


Frauque A, Haraguchi T, Hirota O, Rahman MA. Growth analysis, yield, and canopy structure in maize, mungbean intercropping. Bu. Inst. of Tropical Agric. Kyushu University Fukuoka. 2000;23:61-69.

Greengram outlook report- January to May 2021: Agriculture Market Intelligence Centre ANGRAU, Lam. 2021;1-5.

Jones DR. Plant viruses transmitted by whiteflies. European. Journal of Plant Pathology. 2003;109:195-219.

Haq QMI, Jyothsna P, Arif A, Malathi VG. Coat protein deletion mutation of mungbean yellow mosaic India virus (MYMIV). Journal of Plant Bio-chemistry Bio-technology. 2011;20(2):182-189.

Kumar V, Pandey SK. Current Status of Mungbean in Madhya Pradesh - A Review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 2018;7(11):1062-1072.

Madhavan NR, Pandey AK, War A, Hanumantharao B, Shwe T, Alam A, Pratap A, Malik S, Karimi R, Mbeyagala E, Douglas CA, Rane J, Schafleitner R. Biotic and abiotic constraints in mungbean production - progress in genetic improvement. Frontier Plant Science, 2019;10:13-40.

Lal SS. Insect-pests of mungbean, urd, cowpea, and pea and their management. In: 32 Rao VM, Sithanantham S (eds) Plant protection in field crops. Plant Protection 33 Association of India, Hyderabad. 1987;185-202.

Singh BR, Chandra S, Ram S. Evaluation of mungbean varieties against 31 yellow mosaic viruses. Annals of Plant Protection Science. 2000;8:270-271.

War AR, Murugesan S, Boddepalli VN, Srinivasan R, Nair RM. 46 Mechanism of Resistance in Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. radiata] 47 to Bruchids, Callosobruchus spp. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Frontier Plant Science. 2017; 8:1031.

Pandey AK, Burlakoti RR, Kenyon L, Nair RM. Perspectives and 21 challenges for sustainable management of fungal diseases of mungbean [Vigna radiata L.) R. Wilczek var. radiata]: A Review. Frontier Environment Science. 2018;6:53.

Yadav RK, Kakraliya SS, Bajiya MR, Abrol S. Eco-Friendly Management of Powdery Mildew of Green Gram (Vigna radiata L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2017; 6(7):435-439.

Suryawanshi AP, Wadje AG, Gawade DB, Kadam TS, Pawar AK. Field evaluation of fungicides and botanicals against powdery mildew of mungbean, Agriculture Science Digest. 2009;29(3):209-211.

Khunti JP, Bhoraniya ME, Vora VD. Management of powdery mildew and Cercospora leaf spot of mungbean by some systemic fungicides. Legume Research. 2005;28(1):65-67.

Khaire PB, Hingole DG, Gayakwad AM, Sontake PL. Field screening of mungbean genotypes against leaf blight intensity of pathogen Macrophomina phaseolina, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 2018;6: 2228-2232.

Tripathy A, Khare N, Kesharwani A. (). Management of leaf blight disease of mung bean through botanicals and chemicals. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(5):1271-1275.

Khaire PB, Hingole DG, Holkar SK, Pudake SP. Occurrence and distribution of Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi.) Goid Causing Leaf Blight Disease in Mungbean in Maharashtra, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2020;11:3767-3775.

Singh A, Mukherjee V, Kumar S. Viral Diseases in Mungbean and their Integrated Management, International Journal of Pure Applied Bioscience. 2018;6(1):184-189.

Maheshwari SK, Krishna H. Field efficacy of fungicides and bio-agents against Alternaria leaf spot of mungbean. Annals of Plant Protection Science. 2013;21:364-367.

Rashid A, Harris D, Hollington P, Ali S. On-farm seed priming reduces yield losses of mungbean (Vigna radiata) associated with mungbean yellow mosaic virus in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan, Crop Protection. 2004;23:1119-1124.

Akbar W, Akhtar MA, Murtaza G, Hussain A, Javed HM, Arshad M, Maqbool MA. Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Disease and its Management, Journal of Agriculture and Basic Science. 2019;4:2518-4210.

Kumari R, Shekhawati KS, Gupta R, Khokhar MK. Integrated management against root rot of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) incited by Macrophomina phaseolina. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology. 2012; 3:1-5.

Sharma M, Tarafdar A, Ghosh R, Gopalakrishanan S. “Biological control as a tool for eco-friendly management of plant pathogens,” Advances in Soil Microbiology. 2017;153-186.

Raghuchander T, Samiyappan R, Arjunan G. Bio-control of Macrophomina root rot of mungbean. Indian Phytopathology. 1993; 46:379-382.

Ehteshamul-Haque S, Abid M, Ghaffar A. Efficacy of Bradyrhizobium sp. and Paecilomyces lilacinus with oil cakes in the control of root rot of mungbean. Tropical Science. 1995;35:294299.

Dubey SC, Patel B. Mass multiplication of antagonists and standardization of effective dose for management of web blight of urd and mung bean. Indian Phytopathology, 2002;55:338-341.

Dubey SC. Integrated management of web blight of urd/mung bean by bio-seed treatment Indian Phytopathology. 2003;56: 34-38.

Dubey SC, Bhavani R, Singh B. Integration of soil application and seed treatment formulations of Trichoderma species for management of wet root rot of mungbean caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Pest Management Science. 2011;67:1163-1168.

Singh S, Chand H, Verma PK. Screening of bio-agents against root rot of mungbean caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Legume Research. 2008;31:75-76.

Siddiqui A, Ehetshamul-Haque E, Shaukat SS. Use of Rhizobacteria in the control of root-rot knot disease complex of mungbean. Journal of Phytopathology. 2001;149:337-346.

Satya VK, Vijayasamundeeswari A, Paranidharan V, Velazhahan R. Burkholderia sp. Strain tnau-1 for biological control of root rot in mungbean (Vigna radiata) caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 2011;51:273-278.

Ebenezar EG, Yesuraja I. Effect of fungal and bacterial antagonist on Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid causing root rot in green gram. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2000;38:73-76.

Tandel DH, Sabalpara AN, Patel RC, Prajapati VR, Patel VR. Antagonistic effect on growth and sclerotial formation of Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) goid causing green gram leaf blight. Journal of Life Science. 2014;11:89-91.

Deshmukh MA, Gade RM, Belkar YK, Koche MD. Efficacy of bio-agents, bio-fertilizers and soil amendments to manage root rot in green gram. Legume Research, 2016;39:140-144.

Pandey AK, Tripathi NN. Aromatic plants of gorakhpur division: their anti-mycotic properties and medicinal value. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res. 2011;7:142-147.

Uddin MN, Bakr MA, Islam MR, Hossain MI, Hossain A. Bio-efficacy of plant extracts to control Cercospora leaf spot of mungbean (Vigna radiata). International Journal of Agriculture Research Innovation Technology. 2013;3:60-65.

Rakhonde PN, Koche MD, Harne AD. Management of powdery mildew of green gram. Journal of Food Legumes. 2011; 24:120-122.

Murugapriya E, Alice D, Jayamani P. Antifungal activity of botanicals and micro-nutrients against Macrophomina leaf blight in mungbean. Journal of Food Legumes. 2011;24:113-116.

Rana M, Ashiq R, Virender A. Systemic opposition of green gram against leaf blight caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. International Journal of Mycology Plant Pathology. 2014;1:72-77.

Javaid A, Saddique A. Management of Macrophomina root rot of mungbean using dry leaves manure of Datura metel as soil amendment. Spanish Journal Agriculture Research. 2011;9:901-905.

Umunna OE, Anselem A. Application of Organic Amendments and Botanical Foliar Sprays against Bacterial Diseases of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) in South Eastern Nigeria, Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2014;4(2):052-057.

Nair RM, Gotz M, Winter S, Giri RR, Boddepalli VN, Sirari A. Identification of mungbean lines with tolerance or resistance to yellow mosaic in fields in India where different begomovirus species and different Bemisia tabaci cryptic species predominate. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2017;149:349-365.

Chang KF, Ahmed HU, Hwang SF, Gossen BD, Strelkov SE, Blade SF. Sensitivity of field populations of Ascochyta rabiei to chlorothalonil, mancozeb, and pyraclostrobin fungicides, and effects of strobilurin fungicides on the progress of Ascochyta blight of chickpea. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 2007;87:937-944.

Lonergan E, Pasche J, Skoglund L, Burrows M. Sensitivity of Ascochyta Species Infecting Pea, Lentil, and Chickpea to Boscalid, Fluxapyroxad, and Prothioconazole. Plant Disease. 2015; 99:1254-1260.

Price PP, Purvis MA, Cai G, Padgett GB, Robertson CL, Schneider RW. Fungicide resistance in Cercospora kikuchii, a soybean pathogen. Plant Disease. 2015; 99:1596-1603.

Flexner JL, Belnavis DL. “Microbial Insecticides, in Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests, eds J. E. Rechcigl and N. A. Rechcigl (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; Lewis Publishers), 2000;35-56.

Felde ZA, Pocasangre LE, Carnizares Monteros CA, Sikora RA, Rosales FE, Riveros AS. Effect of combined inoculations of endophytic fungi on the bio-control of Radopholus similis. Info-Musa. 2006;15:12-18.

Viaene NM, Abawi GS. Hirsutella rhossiliensis and Verticillium chlamydospdoiorium as bio-control agents of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne hapla on lettuce. Journal of Nematology. 2000;32:85-100.

Sharma M, Ghosh R. “Heat and soil moisture stress differentially impact chickpea plant infection with fungal pathogens,” in Plant Tolerance to Individual and Con-current Stresses, ed. M. Senthil-Kumar (New Delhi: Springer) 2017;47-57.

Mishra GP, Singh B, Seth T, Singh AK, Halder J, Krishnan N. Biotechnological advancements and begomovirus management in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.): Status and perspectives. Frontier Plant Science. 2017;8:360.

Maiti S, Basak J, Kundagrami S, Kundu A, Pal A. Molecular marker-assisted genotyping of mungbean yellow mosaic India virus resistant germplasms of mungbean and urdbean, Molecular Bio-technology. 2011;47:95-104.

Meyer SLF, Roberts DP. Combinations of bio-control agents for management of plant-parasitic nematodes and soil borne plant-pathogenic fungi. Journal of Nematology. 2002;34:18.

Noble TJ, Young AJ, Douglas C, Williams CA, Mundree SB. Diagnosis and management of halo blight in Australian mungbeans: a review, Crop and Pasture Science. 2019; 70:195-203.

Sundaramoorthy S, Murugapriya E, Maharaja LGJ, Alice D. Induction of systemic resistant in green gram against leaf blight caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi.) Goid. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 2013;7:3976-3982.