Examining Modern Strategies for Effective and Sustainable Agricultural Plant Protection Techniques: A Review

Sharanabasav Huded *

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka India.

Eurekha Savadatti

ARS Gangavati, Koppal, Karnataka, India.

Sharanappa C. H.

Malla Reddy University, Hyderabad, India.

Lipa Deb

Department of Plant Protection, Horticulture College, Khuntpani Chaibasa, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.

Anchita Borah

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Central Agricultural University, Imphal, India.

Veerendra Singh

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Chandan Kumar Panigrahi

Department of Entomology, Naini Agriculture Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P., India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The advancement of plant protection strategies is integral to sustainable agriculture, food security, and ecological balance. While modern approaches i.e. chemical, biological, and technological - have contributed significantly to plant protection, they come with their own sets of challenges and limitations. Chemical methods, potent in their action, often result in environmental degradation, bioaccumulation of toxic substances, and the onset of resistance among pests. Biological approaches, although aligned with ecological principles, face difficulties related to scalability, variable effectiveness, and dependency on environmental conditions. On the technological front, innovative solutions such as drones, precision agriculture, and data analytics promise transformative change but are constrained by factors like high setup costs and technical expertise. Despite the achievements, there exist notable research gaps, especially concerning the long-term sustainability of these methods. Comprehensive studies are often lacking that holistically assess the social, economic, and environmental aspects of plant protection techniques. This article aims to provide an in-depth analysis of the limitations of current strategies, identify existing research gaps, and suggest future prospects for making plant protection more efficient and sustainable. Areas for future research include the development of nano-pesticides for more targeted and eco-friendly applications, and the incorporation of adaptive methods to address challenges presented by climate change. The paper concludes that a multidisciplinary research approach is essential for overcoming existing challenges and for the development of more effective, sustainable plant protection strategies. Through an exhaustive review of current literature and case studies, this article serves as a comprehensive guide for researchers, policymakers, and agricultural practitioners to navigate the complex landscape of modern plant protection methods, aiming to provoke thought and inspire action towards more sustainable solutions.

Keywords: Sustainability, pesticides, biopesticides, technology, limitations

How to Cite

Huded , S., Savadatti , E., Sharanappa C. H., Deb , L., Borah, A., Singh, V., & Panigrahi, C. K. (2023). Examining Modern Strategies for Effective and Sustainable Agricultural Plant Protection Techniques: A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(11), 1331–1343. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113285


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