Influenece of Different Irrigation Scenario's under Mulched and Non-mulched Condition on Soil Moisture, Yield and Wue of Ridge Gourd (Luffa acutangula, L.)

Anand Gouda *

Department of Soil and Water Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, UAS, Raichur-584104, Karnataka, India.

Nemichandrappa, M.

Department of Soil and Water Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, UAS, Raichur-584104, Karnataka, India.

Babu, M. B.

Department of Soil and Water Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, UAS, Raichur-584104, Karnataka, India.

Halidoddi, R. R.

Department of Soil and Water Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, UAS, Raichur-584104, Karnataka, India.

Mallikarjun Reddy

Department of Agricultural Engineering, College of Agriculture, Kalaburagi, UAS, Raichur-584104, Karnataka, India.

Ramesh, G.

Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, UAS, Raichur-584104, Karnataka, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A field experiment was conducted on Ridge gourd during rabi season of 2021-22 and 2022-23 at the Experimental Research Plot Soil and Water Engineering, CAE, Raichur. The study aimed to assess the efficacy of a sensor and evapotranspiration based irrigation system in varying irrigation levels, comparing the performance between mulched and non-mulched conditions. The use of sensor-based irrigation at 100% field capacity under mulched has shown positive outcomes, leading to a notable enhancement in crop production by about 9.40% additionally, this approach has resulted in a significant conservation of irrigation water, with savings of approximately 12.35% compared to the treatment involving irrigation at 100% evapotranspiration under mulched, but without the use of sensors. Across the treatments, the water application efficiency ranged from 94.13 to 91.37%. The highest water use efficiency was observed in the treatment with irrigation at 100% FC under mulched condition on pooled basis (0.20 t ha-1 mm-1). The sensor based drip irrigation system under mulched is an economically viable option to be recommended among farmers in arid and semi-arid climate. Despite the higher initial setup costs, farmers can achieve significant cost savings in the long run due to lower water usage, better yields, and minimised labour requirements.

Keywords: Sensor, evapotranspiration, field capacity, irrigation, yield


How to Cite

Gouda , Anand, Nemichandrappa, M., Babu, M. B., Halidoddi, R. R., Mallikarjun Reddy, and Ramesh, G. 2023. “Influenece of Different Irrigation Scenario’s under Mulched and Non-Mulched Condition on Soil Moisture, Yield and Wue of Ridge Gourd (Luffa Acutangula, L.)”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):1385-91. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113290.

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