Genetic Analysis of Quantitative Traits, Gall Midge and Brown Spot Tolerance in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Genotypes under Irrigated Ecosystem

P. Gonya Nayak *

Regional Agricultural Research Station, Polasa, Jagtial-505529, India and Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad-500030, India.

P. Madhukar

Regional Agricultural Research Station, Polasa, Jagtial-505529, India and Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad-500030, India.

B. Laxmi Prasanna

Regional Agricultural Research Station, Polasa, Jagtial-505529, India and Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad-500030, India.

B. Srinivas

Regional Agricultural Research Station, Polasa, Jagtial-505529, India and Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad-500030, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Gall midge and brown spot of rice are a fungal disease that affect both seedlings and mature plants. To investigate resistance of rice to this disease twenty nine rice cultures were evaluated under irrigated ecosystem at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Jagtial during kharif, 2020. High heritable estimates were observed for all the 8 traits studied. High estimates of heritability was recorded for important yield attributes viz., days to 50% flowering (91.4, 11.24), plant height (77.8, 9.53), 1000-grain weight (98.4, 54.5), number of grains per panicle (78.3, 40.18) and grain yield (98.7, 33.87) indicated that these traits were under the control of additive genes. Significantly positive correlations were recorded with plant height, Number of productive tillers per plant and 1000 seed weight at both genotypic and phenotypic levels, the results clearly indicated that long duration genotypes with more height and bolder grains contribute for more grain yield. Among the eight traits studied, 1000 grain weight contributed highest (67.8%) towards total divergence followed by days to 50% flowering (11.5%), number of grains per panicle (6.06) and Galls midge incidence percentage (6.06%). Genotypes, JGL 38957 of cluster II, JGL 38950 of cluster III, JGL 38935 of cluster IV and JGL 38921 of Cluster VII could be the best source to develop brown spot, gall midge resistance and high yielding rice varieties.

Keywords: Brown spot, correlation, gall midge, genetic diversity, heritability and rice


How to Cite

Nayak , P. Gonya, P. Madhukar, B. Laxmi Prasanna, and B. Srinivas. 2023. “Genetic Analysis of Quantitative Traits, Gall Midge and Brown Spot Tolerance in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Genotypes under Irrigated Ecosystem”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):1467-78. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113298.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.