Constraints Perceived by Farmers in Fish Farming: A Review Analysis

Shubham *

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, CCS HAU, Hisar, 125004, Haryana, India.

P. K. Chahal

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, CCS HAU, Hisar, 125004, Haryana, India.

B. S. Ghanghas

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, CCS HAU, Hisar, 125004, Haryana, India.

A. K. Rohila

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, CCS HAU, Hisar, 125004, Haryana, India.

R. Mukteshawar

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, CCS HAU, Hisar, 125004, Haryana, India.

Arulmanikandan B.

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, CCS HAU, Hisar, 125004, Haryana, India.

Rohtash Kumar

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, CCS HAU, Hisar, 125004, Haryana, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The adoption of scientific fish farming faces multiple constraints encompassing economic, infrastructural, technological, marketing, societal, and extension-related challenges. Economically, the substantial upfront investment required for infrastructure and operational costs deters potential fish farmers, especially small-scale operators. Inadequate access to financing further exacerbates this issue. Insufficient infrastructure, including poor transportation networks and processing facilities, hampers the efficient distribution and marketing of fish products. Limited access to scientific farming technology and disease management techniques hinders the adoption of advanced practices, while price fluctuations and a lack of organised markets pose marketing-related challenges. Cultural norms and societal dynamics can influence fish farming practices, sometimes hindering the adoption of sustainable farming. To overcome these constraints, collaborative efforts among the government departments, institutes, banks, NGOs etc. are essential. Strategies include providing financial support mechanisms, infrastructure development, dissemination of latest technical known how and training, establishing market chain, and respecting local social norms. Addressing these issues collectively could unlock the full potential of fish farming, promoting food security, livelihood enhancement and sustainable development.

Keywords: Adoption, challenges, constraints, fish farming, production


How to Cite

Shubham, P. K. Chahal, B. S. Ghanghas, A. K. Rohila, R. Mukteshawar, Arulmanikandan B., and Rohtash Kumar. 2023. “Constraints Perceived by Farmers in Fish Farming: A Review Analysis”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):1546-50. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113307.

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