Character Association Study in Maize Hybrids Developed through Integration of Rapid Cycle Genomic Selection and Doubled Haploid Technology for Heat Stress Tolerance
Issue: 2023 - Volume 13 [Issue 11]
Swamy, N. *
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India.
Kuchanur, P. H.
Department of GPB, College of Agriculture, Bheemarayanagudi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India.
Department of Molecular Biology and Agricultural Biotechnology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India.
Zaidi, P. H.
Global Maize Program, CIMMYT Int., ICRISAT Campus, Patancheru, Telangana, India.
Vinayan, M. T.
Global Maize Program, CIMMYT Int., ICRISAT Campus, Patancheru, Telangana, India.
All India Network Project on Tobacco, Agriculture Research Station, Nipani, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, India.
Sowmya, H. C.
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Kalaburgi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India.
Dhanoji, M. M.
Department of Crop Physiology, College of Agriculture, Kalaburgi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Heat stress is becoming a major constraint for maize production; therefore heat stress resilience has emerged as an important aspect in maize hybrids targeted for post rainy spring season. Selection of genotypes based on high grain yield under heat stress condition is often misleading and the identification of secondary traits also associated with grain yield may help in development of heat tolerant cultivars. Hence, the present research work to study the association of traits was conducted during summer and kharif 2018 and rabi 2018-19 at Bheemarayanagudi and Raichur using 111 testcross progenies of doubled haploids derived from C1, C2 and C3 cycles of multi-parental synthetic population 1 and 2 improved through rapid cycle genomic selection for heat stress tolerance. The phenotypic correlation analysis under heat stress and optimal conditions, number of kernels per cob and cob girth exhibited the strong positive association with grain yield per plant. Further, under early spring condition number of kernels per cob, cob length, cob girth and 100 grain weight recorded the strong positive association with grain yield per plant. However, when considering across heat stress, early spring and optimal conditions, the grain yield per plant showed positive and significant strong to moderate association with the traits viz., number of kernels per cob, cob length and cob girth under all the seasons. In addition, days to 50% silking showed significant negative correlation with grain yield per plant under heat stress and optimal condition. Hence, the simultaneous selection criteria for the genotypes that exerts early silking, higher number of kernels per cob, higher cob girth and lengthy cob should be the priority of breeders to achieve higher grain yields in maize under heat stress condition as well as optimal conditions.
Keywords: Maize, heat stress, multi-parental synthetics, rapid cycle genomic selection, doubled haploid, phenotypic correlation
How to Cite
Alam M, Seetharam K, Zaidi PH, Dinesh A, Vinayan MT, Nath UK. Dissecting heat stress tolerance in tropical maize (Zea mays L.). Field Crops Research [Internet]. 2017 Mar 1;204:110–9. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2017.01.006
FAO. Climate change and food security: Risks and responses; 2015. Available:https://www.fao.org/3/i5188e/I5188E.pdf
Hansen J, Hellin J, Rosenstock TS, Fisher E, Cairns JE, Stirling CM, et al. Climate risk management and rural poverty reduction. Agricultural Systems [Internet]. 2019 Jun 1;172:28–46. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2018.01.019
Prasanna BM, Cairns JE, Zaidi PH, Beyene Y, Makumbi D, Gowda M, et al. Beat the stress: breeding for climate resilience in maize for the tropical rainfed environments. Theoretical and Applied Genetics [Internet]. 2021 Feb 16;134(6): 1729–52. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-021-03773-7
Tesfaye K, Zaidi PH, Gbegbelegbe S, Boeber C, Rahut DB, Getaneh F, et al. Climate change impacts and potential benefits of heat-tolerant maize in South Asia. Theoretical and Applied Climatology [Internet]. 2016 Sep 14;130(3–4):959–70. Available: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-016-1931-6
Sabagh AE, Hossain A, Iqbal MA, Barutçular C, Islam MS, Çığ F, et al. Maize Adaptability to Heat Stress under Changing Climate. In: IntechOpen eBooks [Internet]. 2021. Available:https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.92396
Ashwini A, Sowmya HC, Kuchanur PH, Beladhadi RV, Lokesha R, Patil AJ, et al. Genetic variability in heat tolerant maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids and their parents for yield and grain quality traits. International Journal of Agricultural and Applied Sciences (IJAAS) [Internet]. 2022 Dec 20;3(2):50–4. Available:https://doi.org/10.52804/ijaas2022.329
Beyene Y, Semagn K, Mugo S, Tarekegne A, Babu R, Meisel B, et al. Genetic Gains in Grain Yield Through Genomic Selection in Eight Bi‐parental Maize Populations under Drought Stress. Crop Science [Internet]. 2015 Jan 1;55(1):154–63. Available:https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2014.07.0460
Vivek B, Krishna GK, Vengadessan V, Babu R, Zaidi PH, Kha LQ, et al. Use of genomic estimated breeding values results in rapid genetic gains for drought tolerance in maize. The Plant Genome [Internet]. 2017 Mar 1;10(1). Available:https://doi.org/10.3835/plantgenome2016.07.0070
Zhang X, Pérez‐Rodríguez P, Burgueño J, Olsen M, Buckler ES, Atlin GN, et al. Rapid cycling genomic selection in a multiparental tropical maize population. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics [Internet]. 2017 Jul 1;7(7):2315–26. Available:https://doi.org/10.1534/g3.117.043141
Jiang S, Cheng Q, Yan J, Fu R, Wang X. Genome optimization for improvement of maize breeding. Theoretical and Applied Genetics [Internet]. 2019 Dec 6;133 (5): 1491–502. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03493-z
Fu J, Hao Y, Li H, Reif JC, Chen S, Huang C, et al. Integration of genomic selection with doubled-haploid evaluation in hybrid breeding: From GS 1.0 to GS 4.0 and beyond. Molecular Plant [Internet]. 2022 Apr 1;15(4):577–80. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2022.02.005
Chaikam V, Molenaar WS, Melchinger AE, Prasanna BM. Doubled haploid technology for line development in maize: technical advances and prospects. Theoretical and Applied Genetics [Internet]. 2019 Sep 25;132(12):3227–43. Available: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03433-x
Noor JJ, Vinayan MT, Umar S, Devi PM, Iqbal M, Seetharam K, et al. Morpho-physiological traits associated with heat stress tolerance in tropical maize (Zea mays L.) at reproductive stage. Australian Journal of Crop Science [Internet]. 2019 Apr 20;13((04) 2019):536–45. Available:https://doi.org/10.21475/ajcs.19.13.04.p1448
Ober ES, Bloa ML, Clark CJA, Royal A, Jaggard KW, Pidgeon JD. Evaluation of physiological traits as indirect selection criteria for drought tolerance in sugar beet. Field Crops Research [Internet]. 2005 Feb 1;91(2–3):231–49. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2004.07.012
Angadi S, Kuchanur PH, Patil A, Suma TC, Hudedmani U, Amaregouda A, et al. Secondary traits for heat stress tolerance breeding in maize (Zea mays L.). National Conference on Genetics and Cytogenetics held at UAS, Dharwad during 1-3 Feb. 2016;142.
Dinesh A, Patil A, Zaidi PH, Kuchanur PH, Vinayan MT, Seetharam K, et al. Dissection of heat tolerance mechanism in tropical maize. Research on Crops [Internet]. 2016 Jan 1;17(3):462. Available: https://doi.org/10.5958/2348-7542.2016.00076.0
Jodage K, Kuchanur PH, Zaidi PH, Patil A, Seetharam K, Vinayan MT, et al. Association and path analysis for grain yield and its attributing traits under heat stress condition in tropical maize (Zea mays L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding [Internet]. 2017 Jan 1;8(1):336. Available:https://doi.org/10.5958/0975-928x.2017.00050.3
Divya. Stability analysis of maize, (Zea mays L.) hybrids across locations under heat stress for grain yield. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Raichur, Karnataka (India); 2018.
Pavani N, Kuchanur PH, Patil A, Arunkumar B, Zaidi PH, Vinayan MT. et al. Performance of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids and association of morpho-physiological traits with grain yield under heat stress and optimal conditions. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding [Internet]. 2021 Sep 28;12(3). Available:https://doi.org/10.37992/2021.1203.144
Basavarajeshwari H, Kuchanur P., Zaidi PH, Vinayan MT, Patil A, Nidagundi J. et al. Performance assessment of F2:3 testcrosses of tropical maize (Zea Mays L.) Under heat stress and managed drought conditions. Zenodo (CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research) [Internet]. 2023 Mar 13; Available:https://zenodo.org/record/7726881
Hosamani M, Shankergoud I, Zaidi PH, Patil A, Vinayan MT, Kuchanur PH, et al. Genetic Gain in Testcrosses Derived from Heat Tolerant Multi-parental Synthetic Populations of Maize. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences [Internet]. 2020 Jan 10;9(1): 2195–205. Available:https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.901.249
Rahman M, Hoque A, Hossain MdA, Bari AA. Variability and Traits Association Analyses in Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes. The Agriculturists [Internet]. 2018 Jan 26;15(2):101–14. Available:https://doi.org/10.3329/agric.v15i2.35473
Magar BT, Acharya S, Gyawali B, Timilsena K, Upadhayaya J, Shrestha J. Genetic variability and trait association in maize (Zea mays L.) varieties for growth and yield traits. Heliyon [Internet]. 2021 Sep 1;7(9):e07939. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07939
Rai R, Khanal P, Chaudhary P, Dhital R. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for growth, yield and yield related traits in maize genotypes. Journal of Agriculture and Applied Biology [Internet]. 2021 Sep 3;2(2):96–104. Available:https://doi.org/10.11594/jaab.02.02.04
Patil S, Krishna KR, Jakhar DS, Rai A, Borle UM, Singh P. Studies on Variability, Heritability, Genetic advance and Correlation in Maize (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology [Internet]. 2016 Jan 1;9(6):1103. Available:https://doi.org/10.5958/2230-732x.2016.00139.x
Thapa S, Rawal S, Adhikari S. Varietal evaluation of hybrid maize in the summer and winter seasons in terai region of Nepal. Heliyon [Internet]. 2022 Nov 1;8(11):e11619. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11619
Sharma BK, Subarna S, Kandel BP, Shrestha J. Varietal evaluation of promising maize genotypes. Azarian Journal of Agriculture. 2018;5(4):120-4.
Bänziger M, Setimela PS, Hodson D, Vivek B. Breeding for improved abiotic stress tolerance in maize adapted to southern Africa. Agricultural Water Management [Internet]. 2006 Feb 1;80(1–3):212–24. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2005.07.014
Messmer R, Fracheboud Y, Bänziger M, Vargas M, Stamp P, Ribaut JM. Drought stress and tropical maize: QTL-by-environment interactions and stability of QTLs across environments for yield components and secondary traits. Theoretical and Applied Genetics [Internet]. 2009 Jul 12;119(5):913–30. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-1099-x