Soybean Bacterial Endophytes against Anthracnose Disease Collected from Karnataka State: An in-vitro Study

Sapna Jaiswal

Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, 482 004, Madhya Pradesh, India and ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Laxman Singh Rajput *

ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India and ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Jayant Bhatt

Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, 482 004, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Hemant S. Maheshwari

ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Mahaveer Prasad Sharma

ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Sanjeev Kumar

ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Vennampally Nataraj

ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Shivakumar M.

ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Rajneesh Sharma

ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Vibha Pandey

Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, 482 004, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Karishma Behera

Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, 482 004, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Saloni Mandloi

Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, 482 004, Madhya Pradesh, India and ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, 452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Endophytes trigger various defence mechanisms within their host plants, engaging primary and secondary protective pathways. This investigation primarily aimed to isolate bacterial endophytes from diverse agroecological regions in Karnataka. Subsequently, these endophytes were assessed for their inhibition against Colletotrichum truncatum using the in-vitro streak plate technique. A total of 43 bacteria isolated from soybean plants and key endophytes showing the inhibition against       C. truncatum were in different zones namely, DHW-9(87%), BID-2(85%), BID-13(85%), BID-14(82.50%), DHW-15(80%), BID-15(75%),and BID-16(75%) exhibited notable efficacy against C. truncatum in decreasing order. Among these, the DHW-9 (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain P4-32) bacterial endophytes isolated from the North Transition Zone (Dharwad) were highly effective against the pathogen, possibly due to employing many direct and indirect mechanisms. Furthermore, the inhibition potential of the bacterial endophytes varies with and within the place of agroecological zones. In conclusion, it has been observed that the bacterial endophyte DHW-9 inhibited the progression of anthracnose disease caused by C. truncatum in controlled in vitro. Hence, it is imperative to conduct additional experiments, including pot and field studies, to explore its potential to enhance the growth and yield of soybean plants.

Keywords: Soybean, bacterial endophyte, anthracnose, Collectotrichum truncatum, biocontrol, agroecological zones, growth inhibition percentage


How to Cite

Jaiswal , Sapna, Laxman Singh Rajput, Jayant Bhatt, Hemant S. Maheshwari, Mahaveer Prasad Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar, Vennampally Nataraj, Shivakumar M., Rajneesh Sharma, Vibha Pandey, Karishma Behera, and Saloni Mandloi. 2023. “Soybean Bacterial Endophytes Against Anthracnose Disease Collected from Karnataka State: An in-Vitro Study”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):1835-45. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113341.

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