Economics of Lac Production on Annual Host Cajanus cajan under Different Plant Density and Soil Moisture Condition
Issue: 2023 - Volume 13 [Issue 11]
Gopilal Anjana *
Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.
Institute of Agribusiness Management, College of Agriculture Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.
Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.
Deep Kumar Pahalwan
College of Agriculture Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.
Department of Physics and Agrometeorology, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.
Department of Soil and Water Engineering, College of Agriculture Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.
Anil Kumar Singh
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Inclusive of cash crop in crop production system a small and marginal farmer is an important state to shift them from sustainable farming to an economical farming. Lac is a cash crop while Cajanus cajan is a popular pulse crop in India. The present attempt was to evaluate economics of lac and grain production on C. cajan indifferent plant densities and soil moisture conditions. The two year data revealed that the highest net returnRs. 125.21 per plant, Rs. 149749.08 per hectare, in (S2W3) medium plant density (S2) and higher level of irrigation (W3), also highest input-output ratio (2.95) and B:C ratio (1.95).
Keywords: Cajanus cajan, lac, plant density, soil moisture, net return
How to Cite
Gollin D. Agricultural productivity and economic growth.In: Pingali P and Evenson R, editors. Handbook of Agricultural Economics, 4th ed. 2010;3825-3866.
Ellis F, Sumberg J. Food production, urban areas and policy responses. World Development. 1998;26(2):213-225.
urchie EH, Pinto M and Horton P. Agriculture and the new challenges for photosynthesis research: Tansley review. New Phytologist. 2008;181:532–552.
Laidlaw G, Kessler J. who will feed us? the industrial food chain vs. The Peasant Food Web. 2017;3:1-66.
Thomas M, Vajpayee S, Patidar R, Kakade S, Khichi A, Raut V, Patil DB, AnjanaG, Patel SK, Tripathi N, Mishra PK. Jawahar model for doubling income of resource constrained marginal farmers: Ecological and economic benefits. Agri-India Today. 2021;1(2):1-5.
Dutta D. Necessity of holistic development of small & marginal farmer communities in India. The times of India,
Accessed September 2, 2022. Available:https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/voices/necessity-of-holistic-development-of-small-marginal-farmer-communities-in-india/.
Sarkar S, Panda S, Yadav KK, Kandasamy P. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) an important food legume in Indian scenario – A review. Legume Research. 2018;4021:1-10.
Singh RK. India to import 35 pc more tur dal at 12 lakh tons to check price. The Economic Times.
Accessed June 30, 2023 Available:https://economictimes.indiatimes.com /news/economy/foreign-trade/india-to-import-35-pc-more-tur-dal-at-12-lakh-tons-to-check-prices/articleshow/101400270.cms?from=mdr
Inbasekar K, Roy D, Joshi PK. Supply-side dynamics of chickpeas and pigeon peas in India. IFPRI discussion paper 01454. International Food Policy Research Institute, South Asia Office, New Delhi. 2015;1-30.
Thomas, M. Lac cultivation on Arhar. Compendium of projects for establishing small enterprise in agriculture. PSS Central Institute of Vocational Education (NCERT) Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh; 2003.
Sharma S, Swami H, Lekha, Bhan C, Bairwa HL. Life cycle of lac insect on different hosts. Indian J. Appl. Ent. 2018;32(1):19–23.
Ahmad A, Ramani R, Sharma KK, Vidyarthi AS and Ramamurthy VV. Distinction of Indian commercial lac insect lines of Kerria spp. (Homoptera: coccoidea) Based on Their Morphometrics.Journal of Insect Scienc. 2014;14:263.
Singh AK, Yogi RK, Kumar A. Lac cultivation on bushy lac Host (Flemingia semialata). In: Kumar A, Jaiswal AK, Singh AK and Yogi RK editors. Advances in lac production, processing, product development and value addition. 1stEd. ICAR-Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Ranchi. 2015;1-206.
Swami H, Lekha, Chhangani G, Regar NL. Pigeon Pea [Cajanus cajan (L.)]: New Promising host of lac [Kerria lacca (Kerr)] in Southern Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 2023;57(3):389-393.
Patil DB, Thomas M, Upadhyay A, Bajpai AK, Bhan M, Bhowmick AK. Harnessing fuelwood from Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. IJEP. 2022;9(1):101-105.
Patidar R, Vajpayee S, Kakade S, Thomas M, Tripathi N, Upadhyay A. Simultaneous production of both lac and pulse from pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp.] for doubling farmers’ income. Legume Research- An International Journal. 2022;45(12):1532-1539.