A Review on Advances in Biocontrol Techniques for Managing Insect Pests in Sustainable Agriculture

P. Thilagam *

Department of Agricultural Entomology, Horticultural College and Research Institute Jeenur, Krishnagiri, Agricultural University, Tami Nadu, India.

C. H. Sharanappa

Malla Reddy University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Shalini Roy

Department of Agronomy, SVPUAT, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Lipa Deb

Department of Plant Protection, Horticulture College, Khuntpani, Chaibasa, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.

Sudipta Padhan

Department of Plant Protection, Horticulture College, Khuntpani, Chaibasa, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.

S. Srividhya

Department of Horticulture, Horticulture College and Research Institute Jeenur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Prachi Awadhiya

AKS University, Satna (M.P.), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Biocontrol techniques represent a vital avenue in the quest for sustainable agricultural practices. This approach, integrating ecological intelligence with modern scientific advancements, is seeing increasing adoption in various regions, notably in India. Drawing inspiration from nature's own mechanisms, biocontrol employs specific organisms or their biological derivatives to manage and mitigate pests, thereby decreasing the dependency on chemical agents. Through an in-depth exploration of biocontrol applications, this study places a special emphasis on India's initiatives and contrasts them with global endeavors. Noteworthy examples include the innovative use of parasitic wasps to combat the papaya mealybug menace in Tamil Nadu, the strategic application of fungi like Trichoderma for disease control in Maharashtra, and the successful introduction of parasitoid wasps to manage olive flies in regions like California. Rooted in foundational ecological principles, these methodologies exhibit potential benefits that span improved crop yields, economic viability, and most importantly, reduced environmental adversities. Effective deployment and scaling of these techniques require an integrated approach, emphasizing collaboration among researchers, farming communities, and industry stakeholders. By presenting a detailed analysis of these synergistic efforts, this review accentuates the transformative potential of biocontrol. As the global community faces the dual challenges of an expanding population and the unpredictable impacts of climate change, the promise of biocontrol looms large, offering a sustainable pathway for the agriculture of the future.

Keywords: Biocontrol, sustainable, agriculture, pests, ecology


How to Cite

Thilagam , P., C. H. Sharanappa, Shalini Roy, Lipa Deb, Sudipta Padhan, S. Srividhya, and Prachi Awadhiya. 2023. “A Review on Advances in Biocontrol Techniques for Managing Insect Pests in Sustainable Agriculture”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):2114-25. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113373.

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