Optimization of Seed Priming Techniques for Seed Enhancement in Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.)

Pavitramata G. B. *

Department of Seed Science and Technology, Seed Research and Technology Centre, Rajendranagar, PJTSAU, Hyderabad-30, India.

Bindu Priya P.

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, PJTSAU, Hyderabad-30, India.

Pallavi M.

Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural College, Adilabad, PJTSAU, India.

Rajeswari B.

Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural College, Adilabad, PJTSAU, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Seed invigoration treatments are crucial for enhancing germination and seedling growth, particularly under adverse environmental conditions. Various techniques, such as hydropriming, seed hardening, osmopriming, and pre-sowing dry heat treatments have been proved to improve seed quality. Sunflower is an important oilseed crop, however, its area is now confined to specific niches and therefore any efforts to increase its production and bring back its glory are highly welcome. Sunflower crop is highly susceptible to environmental stresses further limiting its cultivation. Hence identification and standardization of suitable techniques to improve the germination capacity and planting value of sunflower especially under stress conditions is the need of the hour. The present study is taken up in aged and fresh seeds of two sunflower hybrids viz., DRSH-1 and GK-2002 to standardize hydropriming, thermo priming and pre-chilling treatments so as to the enhance planting value when sown under sub optimal conditions. It was found that hydropriming for 16 hrs, thermopriming for 6hrs at 35oC and pre chilling for 7 days at 10oC showed highest improvement in the seed quality parameters like germination percentage, seedling vigour indices I and II, field emergence and speed of germination. These findings offer promising avenues for improving seed quality and viability in sunflower.

Keywords: Sunflower, priming, enhancement


How to Cite

Pavitramata G. B., Bindu Priya P., Pallavi M., and Rajeswari B. 2023. “Optimization of Seed Priming Techniques for Seed Enhancement in Sunflower (Helianthus Annus L.)”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):2560-68. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113421.

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