Photovoltaics: Panacea to Africa Sustainable Development

Ugochukwu Kingsley Okoro *

Imo State University, Centre for Atmosphere and Environmental Research and Atmospheric Physics Group, Department of Physics, Owerri, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


African countries are falling behind in attaining the sustainable development goals. They are in dire need of electricity, which had been declared the essential tool to achieve most goals, to meet their population’s utilizable energy requirement. With renewables being globally adopted energy options to save the changing climate and preserve the environment and biodiversity, photovoltaic (PV) is advocated to remedy the energy deficiency for sustainable development. All over Africa indicates viability in PV energy owing to the incident global solar radiation (Gh). Nigeria being a case study shows awareness of PV energy, which has manifested in the attitude towards its penetration and the expected benefits. With the anticipated threat of climate change on PV performances, the projected incident Gh across Nigeria has shown two epochs which are yet viable for PV energy by the year 2100. Foreseeable challenges in the PV penetration and investments have been presented as wrongdoings and whistleblowing is advocated as the policy that will ensure the PV penetration for sustainable development.

Keywords: PV penetration, global solar radiation, sustainable development, projections, whistleblowing

How to Cite

Okoro, U. K. (2023). Photovoltaics: Panacea to Africa Sustainable Development. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(11), 2666–2675.


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