High-tech Farming Techniques in Fruit Crops to Secure Food Demand: A Review
Issue: 2023 - Volume 13 [Issue 11]
Praveen Kumar Ausari *
Department of Horticulture, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, MP, India.
Pooja Sanjay Gharate
Department of Horticulture, Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani, MH, India.
D. R. K. Saikanth
ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X, Hyderabad, India.
Okram Bijaya Devi
Department of Horticulture, NEHU, Tura, Meghalaya, India.
Department of Agronomy, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology, Kumarganj, Ayodhya, UP, India.
Yumnam Somi Singh
Department of Horticulture, NEHU, Tura, Meghalaya, India.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
After China, India is the second-largest fruit producer in the world. India produces a wide range of fruits, the most common of which are mango, banana, citrus, guava, grape, pineapple, and apple. In addition to these, a sizable area is dedicated to the cultivation of fruits such peach, pear, almond, walnut, apricot, and strawberry in the temperate group and papaya, sapota, sapota, annona, phalsa, jackfruit, ber, and pomegranate in the tropical and sub-tropical groups. Despite having the second-largest fruit production in the world, the supply of fruits still falls far short of dietary needs. The demand for horticulture produce is on the rise and is predicted to continue to rise as per capita income rises and the population becomes more health conscious, which will lead to a need for more production. However, the production must be affordable while maintaining a high level of quality. The available potential must therefore be utilised in order to sustain progress. The technologies must increase agricultural output, quality, and yield variability while decreasing post-harvest crop losses. Additionally, actions will be required to guarantee the prompt supply of high-quality seed and planting supplies. So, it is anticipated that technology-driven horticulture would solve issues related to complementary and nutritional security, health care, and ultimately economic development.
Keywords: Productivity, climate resilient, sustainable, technology-driven, nutrition security
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