Seed Quality Behaviour Variation of Moth Bean during Storage in Different Packaging

Vijaysingh Thakur *

University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (Karnataka), India.

C. M. Nawalagatti

University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (Karnataka), India.

M. B. Chetti

University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (Karnataka), India.

J. S. Hilli

University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (Karnataka), India.

R. V. Patil

University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (Karnataka), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


An experiment was carried out in order to assess the behavior of the moth bean seed quality in 4 types of packaging including cloth, gunny, HDPE, and vacuum-packed bags for 18 months. After two months of storage, the moisture content of the seeds fluctuated greatly in cloth, gunny, and HDPE bags (conventional packaging) because these materials are pervious, but the moisture content of the seeds did not vary in vacuum packed bags as the polythene bag used for the vacuum package was thicker, had a lower water vapor and oxygen transmission rate. Further, seeds in conventional packaging’s developed bruchid infestations after 4 months of storage but no infestation was found in vacuum-packed bags until 18 months. The bruchid infestation caused the germination rate of the seeds to drop to less than 20%.  In comparison to the initial state, even after 18 months of storage, there was little change in the parameters used for measuring seed quality (germination, total seedling length, seedling dry weight, moisture content, and protein content). Therefore, without the use of chemicals, moth bean seeds can be safely stored using vacuum packaging technology.

Keywords: Bruchids, conventional packaging’s, moth bean seeds, vacuum packaging

How to Cite

Thakur , V., Nawalagatti , C. M., Chetti , M. B., Hilli , J. S., & Patil , R. V. (2023). Seed Quality Behaviour Variation of Moth Bean during Storage in Different Packaging. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(11), 2893–2898.


Download data is not yet available.


Arun KC, Aggarwal PK, Joshi PK, Vyas S. Farmers' prioritization of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) technologies. Agric. Sys. 2017; 151:184-91.

Parfitt J, Barthel M, Macnaughton S. Food waste within food supply chains: quantification and potential for change to 2050. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B: Biological Sci. 2010;365(1554):3065-81.

Anonymous. Pulses in India: Retrospect and Prospects, 2017b, Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

Deshpande SD, Singh G. Long term storage structures in pulses. In National Symposium on Pulses for Sustainable Agriculture and Nutritional Security, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, New Delhi 2001;17;17-19.

Lal, R. R. and Verma, P. Technical Bulletin – Post Harvest Management of Pulses. 2007; IIPR, Kanpur.

Aslam M, Khan KA, Bajwa MZ. Potency of some spices against Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus. J Bio Sci. 2002;2(7):449-52.

Srinivasan T, Durairaj C, Kumar BV. Damage potential of bruchids in different edible legumes and interspecific competition between two species of Callosobruchus spp.(Bruchidae: Coleoptera). Madras Agric. J. 2008; 95:1.

Sinha RN, Watters FL. Insect pests of flour mills, grain elevators, and feed mills and their control. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Government Publishing Centre, 1985;p. 290.

Mahmood I, Imadi SR, Shazadi K, Gul A, Hakeem KR. Effects of pesticides on environment. Plant Soil Microbes. 2016;1: 253-69.

Swella GB, Mushobozy DM. Evaluation of the efficacy of protectants against cowpea bruchids (Callosobruchus maculatus (F.)) on cowpea seeds (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.). Plant Protection Sci. 2007;43(2):68.

Rozman V. Control of stored products pests by natural products.2015;111:295-9.

ISTA. International Rules of Seed Testing. Seed Sci Technol. 2013; 27:25-30.

Sadasivam S, Manickam A. Biochemical methods new age international (P) Ltd. Publishers, New Delhi. 1996.

Thakur V, Nawalagatti CM. Seed Health of Chickpea as Influenced by Different Packaging during Storage. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science. 2021 Sep 11;33(19):63-70.

Shankar SV, Pandiarajanb T, Ganapathy S. Biochemical Changes of Black Gram Grains during Hermetic Storage. Res. J. Chemical Environ Sci. 2018;6(6):15-21.

Malimath SD, Merwade MN. Effect of storage containers on seed storability of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.). Karnataka J Agric Sci. 2007;20(2):384-385.

Khaldun ABM. Haque, ME. Seed quality deterioration due to temporal variation of biotic and abiotic factors in cucumber. Bangladesh J Agri Res. 2009; 34(3):457-463.

Chetti MB, Deepa GT, Antony RT, Khetagoudar MC, Uppar DS, Navalgatti CM. Influence of vacuum packaging and long term storage on quality of whole chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Food Sci Technol. 2014;51(10):2827-32.

Khanna N, Jain P, Teckchandani CK. Comparative Study of Quality and Nutritive Parameters of Insect Infested Bengal Gram under Vacuum and Modified Atmosphere Storage in Laminated LDPE Bags. Int J Cur Microbiol App Sci. 2017;6(12):4303-4308.

Patel JV, Antala DK, Dalsaniya AN. Influence of different packaging materials on the seed quality Parameters of chickpea. Int J Current Microbiology Applied Sci. 2018;7(12):2458-67.

Khadtar UM, Shinde AK, Patil PP, Bhave SG. Physiological Studies on Effect of Different Packaging Material for Storage of Cowpea Seed. Adv Agric Res Techno J. 2018;2(2):202-5.

Charjan SKU, Gadewar RD, Ciiarde, PN, Lambat AP, Lambat PA. Effect of bruchids infestation on seed quality of arhar During storage. J Phytological Res. 2010;23(2): 383-384.

Miah MA, Ali MR, Husna A. Mollah MM. Efficacy of some botanicals against pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) on stored greengram, Vigna radiata. Bangladesh J. Entomol. 2013;23: 11-20.

Swamy SG, Wesley BJ, Raja, DS. Vishnuvardhan, S. Feasibility of sand layer technique for small scale storage of pulses seed. J. Entomol Zoology Studies. 2018; 6(6):428-431.

Thakur V, Nawalagatti CM, Chetti MB, Hilli JS, Patil RV. Changes in Blackgram Seed Quality during Storage as Influenced by Various Packaging Materials and Storage Conditions. Indian J Ecology. 2022; 49(6):2154-9.

Tripathi PC, Lawande KE. Effect of seed moisture and packing material on viability and vigour of onion seed. J Eng Computers Appl Sci. 2014;3(7):1-5.

Ashok BG, Doddagoudar SR, Vasudevan SN, Patil MG, Hosamani A. Evaluation of the Best Storage Methods for Maintaining Seed Quality of Onion. Int J Cur Microbiol Appl Sci. 2019;8(4):325-336.