The Role of Agroforestry in Soil Conservation and Sustainable Crop Production: A Comprehensive Review
Issue: 2023 - Volume 13 [Issue 11]
Amanpreet Kaur *
Forest Research Institute, India.
Rohit Gowtham Paruchuri
Mallareddy University, Hyderabad. India.
GBPUAT pantnagar uttarakhand, India.
Khumanthem Babina Devi
Mizoram University, India.
Department of Agroforestry, SKUAST-Jammu, India.
Department of Agroforestry, BHU, India.
Department of Agricultural & Horticultural Sciences, Vignan's Foundation for Science, Technology & Research (Deemed to be University), Guntur -Tenali Rd, Vadlamudi, Andhra Pradesh-522213, India.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This comprehensive review examines the pivotal role of agroforestry in promoting soil conservation and sustainable crop production. The introduction sets the foundation by elucidating the significance of agroforestry in addressing environmental challenges and ensuring food security. Subsequent sections delve into various agroforestry practices and techniques employed for soil conservation. The review also explores the influence of agroforestry on soil properties and microbial diversity, highlighting its positive impact on soil health. Additionally, the role of agroforestry in enhancing nutrient cycling and soil fertility is discussed, showcasing its potential to improve crop productivity. The paper culminates with case studies and insights that demonstrate the successful integration of agroforestry systems to support sustainable agriculture and land management practices.
Keywords: Agroforestry, soil conservation, sustainable crop production, soil properties, nutrient cycling, microbial diversity
How to Cite
Nair PKR. An introduction to agroforestry. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers;1993.
Garrity DP, Soekardi M, van Noordwijk M. Agroforestry and sustainable systems: Symposium Proceedings. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 1996.
Montagnini F, Nair PKR. Carbon Sequestration: An underexploited environmental benefit of agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems. 2004;61-62(1-3):281-295. DOI:10.1023/b:agfo.0000028995.92661.a8
Jose S. Agroforestry for Ecosystem Services and Environmental Benefits: An Overview. Agroforestry Systems. 2009;76(1):1-10. DOI:10.1007/s10457-008-9173-4
Lin BB. Resilience in agriculture through crop diversification: Adaptive management for environmental change. Bioscience, 2011;61(3):183-193. DOI:10.1525/bio.2011.61.3.4
Garner S, Rice C. Windbreaks and shelterbelts in agriculture. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; 2016.
Kumar S, Garg VK, Sharma RK. Alley Cropping: An Agroforestry System for Soil Health Management. In Jhariya MK, Ngachan SV, Jha PK (Eds.), Agroforestry Systems for Sustainable Land Use. Singapore: Springer. 2020;181-197. DOI:10.1007/978-981-15-7242-6_9
Mercado LM, Gapud VP, Dela Cruz RE, Castillo LV, Novero AU. Agroforestry contour hedgerows in sloping uplands. Agroforestry Systems. 2014;88(4):667-674. DOI:10.1007/s10457-014-9702-1
Mekuria W, Aynekulu E, Yemshaw Y. Agroforestry as a climate change mitigation and adaptation tool for enhancing resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health. 2018;5:104-113. DOI:10.1016/j.coesh.2018.07.007
Nair PKR, Kumar BM, Nair VD. Agroforestry as a strategy for carbon sequestration. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 2009;172(1):10-23. DOI:10.1002/jpln.200800030.
Kumar S, Garg VK, Sharma RK. Homegardens: An agroforestry practice for enhancing soil health and biodiversity. In Jhariya MK, Ngachan SV, Jha PK. (Eds.), Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands Singapore: Springer. 2021;381-398.
Nair PKR, Kumar BM, Nair VD. Agroforestry as a Strategy for Carbon Sequestration. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 2006;169(3):331-345. DOI:10.1002/jpln.200521968
Kumar BM, Nair PKR, Kumar VM. Agroforestry as a strategy for carbon sequestration. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 2006;169(3):331-345. DOI:10.1002/jpln.200521968
Dahal D, Ramachandran A, Maskey SL, Das AK. Taungya system: A review on history, benefits, and future perspectives. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods. 2018; 27(2):83-97. DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1436490
Franzel S, Coe R, Cooper P, Place F. Assessing the adoption potential of agroforestry practices in sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural Systems. 2001;69(1-2):37-62.
Murgueitio E, Calle Z, Uribe F, Calle A, Solorio B, Rosales M. Native trees and shrubs for the productive rehabilitation of tropical cattle ranching lands. Forest Ecology and Management. 2011;261(10): 1654-1663. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2010.12.010
Acharya KP, Khadka MS, Bhandari SC, Paudel KP. Homegardens: A potential farming system for improving food security and well-being of smallholder farmers in Nepal. Agriculture and Food Security, 2019;8(1):15. DOI:10.1186/s40066-019-0185-4