Integrated Application of Inorganic, Organic Sources and Biofertilizers on Nutrient Status of Soil and Aonla Leaves under Sub-Tropics of Madhya Pradesh, India

Ankur Sharma *

Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwavidyalay Gwalior, M.P, India.

Ritik Chawla

Dr. YSPUHF, Nauni, Solan, H.P, India.

Priyanka Dahiya

University of Georgia, Athens, U.S.A.

K. N. Nagaich

School of Agriculture, ITM University Gwalior, MP-474001, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The field experiment was conducted at the Horticulture Research CRC Farm – 1 of the Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, ITM University Gwalior (M.P.) during the year 2019 and 2020 to study the Influence of Integrated Nutrient Management on nutrient status of soil and aonla leaves under sub-tropics of Madhya Pradesh. The experiment was laid out in the randomized block design with three replications and eleven treatments viz. (control) - RDF (1000: 500:1000 g/ tree),  3/4thof RDF + FYM,  3/4th of RDF + FYM + Azotobacter (100 g), 3/4th of RDF + FYM+ Azospirillum (100 g), 3/4th of RDF + FYM+ PSB (100 g), 3/4thof RDF + FYM+ Azotobacter + Azospirillum + PSB(100 g/tree each), ½ of RDF + FYM, 1/2 of RDF + FYM+ Azotobacter (100 g), 1/2 of RDF + FYM + Azospirillum(100 g), ½ of RDF + FYM + PSB(100 g), ½ of RDF + FYM + Azotobacter + Azospirillum + PSB (100 g/tree, each. The results revealed that among different treatments, application of ½ of RDF + FYM + Azotobacter + Azospirillum + PSB recorded higher microbial population, available nitroge, phosphorus, potassium and available soil zinc, copper and boron which was followed by application of 1/2 of RDF + FYM+ Azotobacter (100 g). Thus, application of ½ of RDF + FYM + Azotobacter + Azospirillum + PSB was found to best for improving the soil nutrient status which will in turn help in improving the yield of Aonla.

Keywords: Gooseberry, biofertilizers, nutrient;, Emblica officinalis Gaertn

How to Cite

Sharma, Ankur, Ritik Chawla, Priyanka Dahiya, and K. N. Nagaich. 2023. “Integrated Application of Inorganic, Organic Sources and Biofertilizers on Nutrient Status of Soil and Aonla Leaves under Sub-Tropics of Madhya Pradesh, India”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):3462-67.


Download data is not yet available.


Bajpai PN, Shukla HS. Aonla. In: Bose, T.K.; Mitra, S.K. and Sanyal, D. Fruits: Tropical and Subtropical, Naya Udyog, Calcutta, India. 2002;II:523-540.

Sharma J, Sharma BC, Puniya R, Jamwal S. Effect of Seed Priming and Plant Geometry on Yield and economics of Wheat in Modified System of Wheat Intensification Under Sub Tropics of Jammu. Indian Journal of Ecology. 2022 ;49(5):1696-1699.

Ramamurthy V, Prasad Jadish, Prasad VN, Gajbhiye KS. Effect of inorganic fertilizer and biofertilizer on productivity of soybean. Biofertilizer News Letter. 2005; 13:18-20.

Gogoi D, Kotoky U, Hazarika S. Effect of bio-fertilizers on productivity and soil characteristics in banana. Indian J. Hort. 2004;61(4):354-356.

Subbaiah BV, Asija CL. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in Soil. Curr. Sci. 1956;25:328.

Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanable FS, Dean LA. Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Cir. No. 939. Washington; 1954.

Dickman SR, Bray RH. Colorimetric determination of phosphate. Indus. Engg. Chem. (Anal.). 1940;S:665-668.

Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of a DTPA test for Zn, Fe, Mn and Cu. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 1978;42:421-428.

Pareek OP. Indian Hort., (CF: ‘Aonla’, In the book FRUITS: Tropical and Subtropical, Ed): Bose TK, Mitra SK, Sanyal D. Naya Udyog, Calcutta, India. 1997;II(42):531-532,42-46.

Tandon HLS. Method of Analysis of Soil, Plant Water and Fertilizers. New Delhi, Fert. Dev. Consultant Organization. 1987; 144.

Ranganna S. Hand book of analysis and quality control of fruit and vegetable products. New Delhi, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd. 1986;253.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures of Agricultural Research (2nd edition), John Wiley and Sons. Inc. New York; 1984.

Panigrahi A, Behera B. Response of Azotobacter inoculants on total nitrogen, organic carbon and microbial population of soil and yield of potato. Indian J. Agric. Chem. 1993;26(1):17-23.

Yadav Rajesh, Singh HK, Yadav AL. Effect of integrataed nutrient management on productivity and quality of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn). Plant Archives. 2006; 7(2):881-883.

Yadav S. Integrated Nutrient Management Studies in subtropical peach cv. Saharanpur Prabhat under high density system. Thesis Ph.D., C.S.A. Univ. Agril. Tech., Kanpur; 2010.

Usha K, Saxena A, Singh B. Rhizosphere dynamics influenced by asbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus deserticola) and related changes in leaf nutrient status and yield of Kinnow mandarin. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 2004; 55(5):571-576.

Tisdale SK, Nelson WL, Batson JD. Soil fertility and fertilizers (4th edition) Mc Millan Publishing company, New York. 1993;350-413.

Sharma J, Sharma BC, Puniya R, Sharma R, Menia M. Effect of seed priming and plant geometry on growth and yield of wheat in modified system of wheat intensification under irrigated sub Tropics of Jammu. AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America. 2021;51(03):1663-1669.