Soil Management Practices to Enhance Carbon Sequestration Rates- A Review

Rahul Morya *

Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, MP – 474002, India.

Anjali Bhargava

Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, MP – 474002, India.

Gandikota Rupa Lalitha

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu-641003, India.

Maragani Vamshi

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, School of Agricultural Sciences, Mallareddy University, Hyderabad - 500100, India.

Shikhar Verma

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad university of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Mausmi Rastogi

Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Sumit Raj

Department of Soil Conservation and Water Management, Chandra Sekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology Kanpur Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This comprehensive review explores the critical role of soil management practices in enhancing carbon sequestration, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation. Recognizing soil as a significant carbon sink capable of holding substantial carbon amounts, the review delves into the dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) and the impact of various agricultural practices on carbon flux. Key topics include the fundamental processes of carbon sequestration in soil, the dynamics of soil organic matter (SOM), and the factors influencing carbon sequestration such as climate, soil texture, land use, and management practices. It provides an in-depth analysis of soil management strategies like no-till farming, crop rotation, and the use of organic amendments (compost, biochar, and manure), highlighting their benefits in enhancing soil structure, fertility, and carbon storage capabilities. It also examines the role of cover cropping and agroforestry in promoting soil health and carbon sequestration. The review discusses the technical, socioeconomic, and environmental challenges in implementing these practices and emphasizes the importance of technological advancements in monitoring and validating soil carbon sequestration. Case studies from different geographic and climatic contexts illustrate the practical applications and outcomes of these soil management practices.

Keywords: Carbon sequestration, soil, environment, climate change


How to Cite

Morya, Rahul, Anjali Bhargava, Gandikota Rupa Lalitha, Maragani Vamshi, Shikhar Verma, Mausmi Rastogi, and Sumit Raj. 2023. “Soil Management Practices to Enhance Carbon Sequestration Rates- A Review”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):3762-76. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113556.

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