Genetic Variability in Garden Pea (Pisum sativum L.): A Review

Suraj Luthra

Department of Vegetable Science, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Ayodhya, U.P., India.

Budhesh Pratap Singh *

Department of Vegetable Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, U.P., India.

Rajat Singh

Department of Vegetable Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, U.P., India.

Badri Lal Nagar

Department of Vegetable Science, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, M.P., India.

Shivam Kumar Singh

Crop Improvement Division, IIVR, Varanasi, U.P., India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The estimation of variability parameters, particularly heritability and genetic gain, holds significant importance in assessing the potential for character improvement through selection. It is observed that selection based on highly heritable traits tends to yield more successful outcomes. Hence, the utilization of heritability, in conjunction with other measures of variability, enables the prediction of gains under specific selection intensities. Additionally, the concept of predicted genetic gain provides insight into the degree of change achievable in a trait through simple selection. However, the process of selecting for features related to yield and quality can be enhanced by having access to information regarding the correlation between these traits. This can be further improved by doing a path coefficient analysis to gain a deeper knowledge of the relationship between the important characteristics. In order to enhance the traits that did not exhibit a favorable response to selection, it becomes necessary to divide the non-additive component of genetic variance through the process of hybridization, which can be accomplished by conducting genetic divergence studies.

Keywords: Variability, heritability, genetic gain, improvement


How to Cite

Luthra , Suraj, Budhesh Pratap Singh, Rajat Singh, Badri Lal Nagar, and Shivam Kumar Singh. 2023. “Genetic Variability in Garden Pea (Pisum Sativum L.): A Review”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):3859-65. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113566.

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