Suspected Anthrax Outbreaks or Sudden Animal Deaths in Hyati Mundaragi Village in Koppal, Karnataka, India: A Farmer Prospective

N. Sagar

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

K. P. Suresh *

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

Y. B. Naveesh

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

A. Jayashree

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

D. Hemadri

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

S. S. Patil

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

R. Sushma

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

C. A. Archana

ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Bengaluru, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is a persistent global threat to both public health and livestock industries. This study investigates an outbreak of sheep anthrax in Hyati Mundaragi Village, Karnataka, India. The demographic and ecological characteristics of this region are pivotal factors influencing disease emergence, with varying outbreak years observed among sheep farmers. Socio-economic factors and Risk Exposure and Mitigation Behaviour (REMB) were found to be critical determinants of anthrax incidence, emphasizing the multifaceted nature of the disease's spread. Sheep migration and proximity to water bodies, notably the Tungabhadra reservoir, facilitated spore transfer and contributed to the outbreak in this village. The study highlights the urgency of proactive measures, including comprehensive disease surveillance, vaccine accessibility, training initiatives for local veterinarians and farmers, and the integration of AI tools for early detection and rapid response.

Keywords: Anthrax outbreak, sheep anthrax, disease surveillance, livestock trading, disease prevention


How to Cite

Sagar, N., K. P. Suresh, Y. B. Naveesh, A. Jayashree, D. Hemadri, S. S. Patil, R. Sushma, and C. A. Archana. 2023. “Suspected Anthrax Outbreaks or Sudden Animal Deaths in Hyati Mundaragi Village in Koppal, Karnataka, India: A Farmer Prospective”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):4319-25. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113612.

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