Smart Agriculture: Technologies, Practices, and Future Directions

Kiran *

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, CSK HPKV Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India.

D. R. K. Saikanth

SRF, ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X, Hyderabad, India.

Anadi Ranjan Saikia

Department of Extension Education and Communication Management, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13, Assam, India.

Rajesh Chintey

Department of Crop Physiology, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13, Assam, India.

Nilabh Talukdar

Department of Agronomy, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat – 13, Assam, India.

Raj Bahadur

Agronomy ANDUA&T Ayodhya UP, India.

A. Vasuki

Department of Agronomy, Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai – 625104, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The Internet of Things (IoT) has ushered in a new era of innovative agriculture research. Because IoT is still in its early stages, it must be widely tested before it can be widely deployed in many agricultural applications. In this paper, I look at different prospective IoT applications, as well as the unique concerns and constraints connected with IoT deployment for better farming. The gadgets and wireless communication technologies linked with IoT in agricultural and farming applications are thoroughly researched to focus on the unique requirements. Sensor-enabled IoT systems that deliver intelligent and smart services for smart agriculture are being investigated.

Several case studies are offered to investigate the existing IoT-based solutions implemented by various organizations, individuals, and groups depending on their deployment criteria. The difficulties in these solutions are addressed, as are the factors for improvement and the future roadmap of work with IoT. Smart farming is a trend that emphasizes the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in machinery, equipment, and sensors in network-based hi-tech farm supervision cycles. Innovative technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing are expected to spur growth and kickstart the usage of robotics and artificial intelligence in agriculture. Such radical departures are upsetting established agricultural practices while also posing several obstacles. This study explores the techniques and equipment utilized in wireless sensor applications in IoT agriculture, as well as the predicted problems encountered when integrating technology with traditional farming practices. Furthermore, this technical knowledge is useful to growers during crop times ranging from planting to harvest, and applications in packing and transportation are being researched.

Keywords: Agriculture practices, internet of things, smart agriculture, technologies

How to Cite

Kiran, D. R. K. Saikanth, Anadi Ranjan Saikia, Rajesh Chintey, Nilabh Talukdar, Raj Bahadur, and A. Vasuki. 2023. “Smart Agriculture: Technologies, Practices, and Future Directions”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (12):689-95.


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