Effects of Herbicides and Nano Urea Mixture on Weeds, Yield Attributes and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Mo Asif

Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India.

Todar Mal Poonia *

Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India.

Virender Singh Hooda

Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India.

Dharani Dhar Pradhan

Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India.

Bhavesh

Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Wheat (Triticum aestivum) is second most important staple crop in India after rice. Weeds have emerged as the major biotic stress in wheat. Post-emergence herbicidal combinations are used widely to control the complex weed flora in wheat crops. A field experiment was carried out to study the “Effects of herbicides and nano urea mixture on weeds, yield attributes and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum)”. The experiment was performed in randomized blocked design with three replications and fourteen treatments in Rabi season 2022-23 at Agronomy Research Farm, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. Significantly minimum weed count (1.52 m-2) and dry weight (1.49 g m-2) and maximum weed control efficiency (88.6%) of Phalaris minor and broadleaved weeds (87%) was recorded with application of clodinafop + metribuzin 60 + 210 g ha-1 with nano urea 3 ml L-1 followed by clodinafop + metribuzin 60 + 210 g ha-1 at 90 DAS. In case of yield attributes i.e. number of effective tillers per meter row length (92.5), spike length (11.4 cm), number of grains spike-1 (55.9) and 1000-grain weight (43.8) were higher with application of clodinafop + metribuzin 60 + 210 g ha-1 with nano urea 3 ml L-1 followed by clodinafop + metribuzin 60 + 210 g ha-1. Grain yield (5876 kg ha-1) and B:C (1.94) was recorded higher with application of clodinafop + metribuzin 60 + 210 g ha-1 with nano urea 3 ml L-1 followed by clodinafop + metribuzin 60 + 210 g ha-1 which was significantly higher than weedy check but at par with the weed free treatment.

Keywords: Post-emergence, herbicides, weed, economics, nano urea, wheat


How to Cite

Asif, Mo, Todar Mal Poonia, Virender Singh Hooda, Dharani Dhar Pradhan, and Bhavesh. 2023. “Effects of Herbicides and Nano Urea Mixture on Weeds, Yield Attributes and Yield of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum)”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (12):1211-20. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i123785.

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