Revolutionizing Fruit Agriculture of Cutting Edge Farming Technologies to Growing Food Demands Globally

Homeshvari

Department of Horticulture (Fruit Science), College of Agriculture, JNKVV- Jabalpur (M.P.) – 482004, India and Department of Agriculture, Meerut Institute of Technology, Meerut, India.

Lalremsiami Hrahsel

Department of Botany, Govt. Serchhip College, Serchhip District Mizoram, India.

S. Kanaka *

TNAU-Rice Research Station, Tirur, India.

Md Zeeshan

Department of Agronomy, NJKD College, Mawana – 250401, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, India.

Inayat M. Khan

Division of Soil Science and Agric Chemistry, SKUAST-Kashmir, India.

Asma Shakeel

Division of Soil Science and Agric Chemistry, SKUAST-Kashmir, India.

G. Malathi

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Sandhiyur, Salem, Tamil Nadu PIN - 636 203, India.

K Saikanth

SRF, ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X Hyderabad, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Exploration of the transformation of fruit agriculture in response to increasing global food demands and environmental challenges. It highlights the integration of cutting-edge technologies like precision agriculture, automated harvesting systems, genetic engineering, drones, vertical farming, and blockchain in revolutionizing fruit farming. These innovations aim to enhance yield, sustainability, and resilience against climate change while addressing constraints such as limited arable land, water scarcity, and labor shortages. However, challenges like high technology costs, the need for skilled labor, and concerns over the long-term impacts of genetically modified fruits are discussed and emphasizes the need for policy support, research and development investment, and collaboration among tech companies, agricultural experts, and governments to make these technologies accessible and sustainable. The ultimate goal is to balance innovation with sustainability, ensuring a future where nutritious and environmentally sustainable food is available to all. In the face of escalating global food demands and the challenges posed by climate change, the agricultural sector, specifically fruit cultivation, is undergoing a significant transformation. This paper explores the revolutionary impact of cutting-edge farming technologies on fruit agriculture to meet the growing food requirements worldwide. We delve into the latest advancements in agricultural technology, including precision agriculture, drone technology, genetic modification, and sustainable farming practices, and assess their contributions to enhancing productivity, sustainability, and resilience in fruit farming. Precision agriculture, characterized by the use of sensors, GPS, and big data analytics, enables farmers to optimize conditions for each plant, dramatically increasing yield and reducing resource waste. Drone technology, on the other hand, offers efficient solutions for crop monitoring, spraying, and even pollination. The role of genetic modification in developing fruit varieties that are more resistant to pests, diseases, and extreme weather conditions is also examined, highlighting its potential to significantly bolster global fruit production. Furthermore, we discuss sustainable practices like integrated pest management and organic farming, which not only protect environmental health but also cater to the growing consumer demand for organic produce. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of how these innovative technologies and practices can revolutionize fruit agriculture, making it more efficient, sustainable, and capable of satisfying the burgeoning global demand for food. Through this exploration, we aim to provide insights into the future direction of agricultural practices, emphasizing the need for technological integration in the path to achieving food security and environmental sustainability.

Keywords: Fruit agriculture, global food, farming technologies


How to Cite

Homeshvari, Lalremsiami Hrahsel, S. Kanaka, Md Zeeshan, Inayat M. Khan, Asma Shakeel, G. Malathi, and K Saikanth. 2024. “Revolutionizing Fruit Agriculture of Cutting Edge Farming Technologies to Growing Food Demands Globally”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (1):681-87. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i13883.

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