Global Climate Change and Its Effects on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: A Review Article

Saumya Shruti *

Department of Plant Physiology, B.A.C.A, Anand Agriculture University, Anand-388 110, Gujarat, India.

Ashwin Trivedi

ICAR- Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, Boriavi, Anand- 388 110, Gujarat, India.

K. B. Chaudhary

Department of Plant Physiology, B.A.C.A, Anand Agriculture University, Anand-388 110, Gujarat, India.

Jatinkumar Ghadiali

Department of Plant Physiology, B.A.C.A, Anand Agriculture University, Anand-388 110, Gujarat, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Medicinal herbs have been used for a long time to cure health problems and prevent disease, including epidemics. Medicinal plants are used for different purposes and in diverse uses of human beings. People around them have a basic knowledge and using through their traditional medicine from the past several years. Natural and manmade calamities, such as rapid climate change, urban growth, industrial boom, overpopulation pollution, declining forest cover, habitat loss, over-harvesting, destructive harvesting, and floods, are the principal reasons of the reduction of wild medicinal plant species. The life cycles and distribution of the world's vegetation, especially wild medicinal plants, are being affected by climate change. The impact of global climate change on medicinal plants could have a huge influence, especially in terms of their utility in conventional medication systems and as economically useful plants. The current essay emphasises the importance of study to improve our understanding of climate influences on medicinal plants properties, phenology and metabolic responses. The purpose of this paper is to review the impact of abiotic variables on secondary metabolite formation and different adaptation measures as well as future research initiatives. Furthermore, such issues with global climate change will undoubtedly become more visible or immediate threats, putting further strain on medicinal plant species. The impact of global climate change on medicinal plants could negatively correlate with environment concerns parameters, especially in terms of their utility in conventional medication systems and as economically useful plants.

Keywords: Adaptation, climate change, medicinal plants, phenology, secondary metabolites

How to Cite

Shruti , S., Trivedi , A., Chaudhary , K. B., & Ghadiali , J. (2024). Global Climate Change and Its Effects on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: A Review Article. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(2), 149–160.


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