Exploration of Soil Particle Size Diversity and Primary Nutrient Status Across the Rice Productivity Regions of Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India

Bhuvana K. *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, PJTSAU, Hyderabad, 500030, Telangana, India.

Anjaiah T.

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, KVK, Rudrur, PJTSAU, Nizamabad, 503188, Telangana, India.

Madhavi A.

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, AICRP on STCR, Institute of Soil Health Management, Agricultural Research Institute, PJTSAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, 500030, Telangana, India.

Laxminarayana P.

Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, PJTSAU, Hyderabad, 500030, Telangana, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The current study involved a thorough field survey to assess particle size distribution and the availability of primary nutrients in rabi - grown rice soils (2022 - 2023) across three productivity regions: high (5923 - 6052 kg ha-1), medium (5793 - 5923 kg ha-1), and low (<5793 kg ha-1) in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana. A total of 225 surface soil samples (0 - 15 cm depth), with 75 samples from each productivity region, were collected before the transplanting of rabi rice crop using a stratified random sampling method and are further processed and analysed for soil texture, available nitrogen (Avl. N) available phosphorus (Avl. P) and available potassium (Avl. K). The sand, silt and clay content in high, medium and low productivity regions averaged 52.37%, 55.75%, 57.41%; 17.77%, 15.47%, 16.96% and 29.86%, 28.79%, 25.63% respectively. Low productivity areas had the highest mean sand content, negatively impacting soil particle aggregation thus affecting their rice productivity. Silt and clay content varied in three productivity regions, with the highest variation of clay content in high productivity regions. The respective Avl. N, Avl. P and Avl. K showed mean values of 257.88 kg ha-1, 253.61 kg ha-1 and 240.13 kg ha-1; 59.13 kg ha-1, 55.40 kg ha-1, 54.49 kg ha-1 and 304.96 kg ha-1, 301.25 kg ha-1, 300.19 kg ha-1 in high, medium and low productivity regions. Available N declined from high to medium and medium to low productivity regions. Fluctuations in available P and K showed wide distribution within each category, particularly in case of potassium emphasizing the inclusion of diverse soil conditions and factors influencing potassium availability. This variability study helped in identifying the fertility levels of three regions across the productivity regions.

Keywords: Productivity, particle size analysis, primary nutrients, available nitrogen, available phosphorus and available potassium


How to Cite

Bhuvana K., Anjaiah T., Madhavi A., & Laxminarayana P. (2024). Exploration of Soil Particle Size Diversity and Primary Nutrient Status Across the Rice Productivity Regions of Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(2), 322–329. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i23947

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Nwachokor MA, Uzu FO, Molindo WA. Variations in physicochemical properties and productivity implications for four soils in the derived savannah of southern Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy. 2009;2(3):124-129.

Kumar P, Kumar A, Dhyani BP, Kumar P, Shahi UP, Singh SP, Kumar R, Kumar Y, Kumar A, Raizada S. Soil fertility status in some soils of Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh, India, along with Ganga canal command area. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2013;8(14):1209-1217.

Vasu D, Singh SK, Ray SK, Duraisami VP, Tiwary P, Chandran P, Nimkar AM, Anantwar SG. Soil quality index (SQI) as a tool to evaluate crop productivity in semi-arid Deccan plateau, India. Geoderma. 2016; 282:70-79.

Mohanty M, Painuli DK, Misra AK, Ghosh PK. Soil quality effects of tillage and residue under rice–wheat cropping on a Vertisol in India. Soil and Tillage Research. 2007;92(1-2):243-250.

Nath TN. Soil texture and total organic matter content and its influences on soil water holding capacity of some selected tea growing soils in Sivasagar district of Assam, India. International Journal of Chemical Science. 2014;12(4):1419-1429.

Kumar V, Kumar M, Singh SK, Jat RK. Impact of conservation agriculture on soil physical properties in rice-wheat system of eastern indo-gangetic plains. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2018;28:1432–1440.

Tale KS, Ingole S. A review on role of physico-chemical properties in soil quality. Chemical Science Review and Letters. 2015;4(13):57-66.

Hartemink AE. Land use change in the tropics and its effect on soil fertility. In Proceedings 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Brisbane, Australia. 2010;55-58.

Ladha JK, Dawe D, Pathak H, Padre AT, Yadav RL, Singh B, Singh Y, Singh Y, Singh P, Kundu AL, Sakal R. How extensive are yield declines in long-term rice–wheat experiments in Asia? Field Crops Research. 2003;81(2-3):159-180.

Shahid M, Nayak AK, Shukla AK, Tripathi R, Kumar A, Mohanty S, Bhattacharyya P, Raja R, Panda BB. Long-term effects of fertilizer and manure applications on soil quality and yields in a sub-humid tropical rice-rice system. Soil Use and Management. 2013;29 (3):322–32.

Narkhede SR, Bhirud SR, Patil NS, Choudhary RR. Physico-chemical analysis of soil collected from chorwad, Tehsil – Bhusawal, Dist. Jalgaon (M.S.). International Journal of Chemical Science. 2011;9(4): 1973-1978.

Available:https://www.business-standard.com/economy/news/total-cultivated-area-in-telangana-up-from-13-mn-to-22-mn-acres-since-2014-123081400274_1.html

Availablehttps://mahabubnagar.telangana.gov.in/about-district/

Piper CS. Soil and plant analysis. Hans Publishers, Bombay. 1966;137-153.

Subbaiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science. 1956;25:259-260.

Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular. Washington. 1954;939.

Muhr GR, Dutta NP, Subramanian. Soil testing in India (USAID) Mission to India, New Delhi; 1965.

Liu Z, Zhou W, Shen J, Li S, Ai C. Soil quality assessment of yellow clayey paddy soils with different productivity. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 2014;50:537-548.

Dou F, Soriano J, Tabien RE, Chen K. Soil texture and cultivar effects on rice (Oryza sativa, L.) grain yield, yield components and water productivity in three water regimes. PloS One. 2016;11(3):e0150549.

Reddy GK, Sharma S, Jayasree G, Hussain S, Triveni S, Neelima T. Soil fertility mapping of Patancheru area, Sanga Reddy District Telangana by Using GPS-GIS. The Journal of Research. PJTSAU. 2021;XLIX:4(1-111):(50).

Sannidi S, Bindu GM, Neelima TL, Umadevi M. Soil quality mapping in the groundnut belt of erstwhile Mahabubnagar District, Telangana, India using GIS. Current Science. 2022;122(5):600.

Vasu D, Singh SK, Duraisami VP, Jangir A, Butte PS. Fertility status of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) growing soils in Thimmajipet mandal, Mahabubnagar district, Telangana. Andhra Pradesh Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2016;2(1):10- 15.