Study on Different Nectar Rich Flowering Plants of Few Butterfly Species at Different Habitats in Pjtsau Campus Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India

Shirisha, V. *

Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, PJTSAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. India.

Sunitha, V.

AINP on Vertebrate Pest Management, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. India.

Ravinder Reddy, V.

AINP on Vertebrate Pest Management, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. India.

Srinivasa Chary, D.

College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the different nectar rich flowering plants of few butterfly species at various habitats in PJTSAU campus, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad during the period from October 2022 to March 2023. The study was conducted in agricultural fields (college farm, student farm and Agricultural Research Institute (ARI)), open scrub areas, Agri biodiversity park (ABP) and botanical garden. To record the nectar plants of few butterfly species, systematic field survey through transact walk was conducted by employing visual count method (VCM) in various habitats. A total of 37 flowering plant species belongs to 20 families were visited by butterflies during the study period. Interestingly, flowering trees found to have contributed more (27.03%) followed by weeds (24.32%), cultivable crops (16.22%), herbs and shrubs with same contribution (13.51%) and the least contribution was found to have recorded with climbers (5.41%). Among the 20 families, Asteraceae (6 plant species) and Fabaceae (6 plant species) families with Yellow, white and pink colored flowers were visited more often for nectar collection. It could help to understand the locally available flora with different flower colors as source of food for few butterfly species and emphasized the need of herbaceous flora conservation to restore native butterfly species in various habitats.

Keywords: Butterfly species, nectar plants, PJTSAU campus, agricultural fields, agri-biodiversity park (ABP), open scrub areas, Botanical garden


How to Cite

Shirisha, V., Sunitha, V., Ravinder Reddy, V., & Srinivasa Chary, D. (2024). Study on Different Nectar Rich Flowering Plants of Few Butterfly Species at Different Habitats in Pjtsau Campus Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(2), 363–373. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i23951

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Sharma, M and Sharma, N. Nectar resource use by Butterflies in Gir Wildlife Sanctuary, Sasan, Gujarat. Biological Forum. 2013;5(2): 56-63.

Feltwell J. The Natural History of Butterflies. Groom Helem Ltd., Provident House, Bureel Row. Beckenham Kent. 1986;130-135.

Kumar PMPM, Hosetti BB, Poomesha HC, Gowda RHT. Butterflies of the Tiger-Lion Safari, Thyavarekoppa, Shimoga, Karnataka. Zoo’s Print J. 2007;22(8):2805

Tudor O, Dennis RLH, Davies JNG, Sparks TH. Flower preferences of woodland butterflies in the UK; nectaring specialists are species of conservation concern. Biol. Conserve. 2004;119:397-403.

Opler PA, Krizek GO. Butterflies east of the Great Plains: an illustrated natural history. 1984;273-279.

Kunte, K. India, a life Scape: Butterflies of peninsular India. Universities Press. 2000;254.

Dafni A. Pollination ecology: A practical approach. Oxford University Press. 1992;229.

Ehrlich PR, Raven PH. Butterflies and plants: A study in conservation. Evolution. 1964;18(4):586-608.

Sajjad A, Saeed S, Burhan-u-din S. Yearlong association of butterfly populations with flowering plants in Multan, Pakistan. Pak. Entomology. 2012;34(2): 105-110.

Weiss MR, Papaj DR. Center for Insect Science, Tucson Color learning in two behavioral contexts: how much can a butterfly keep in mind? Animal. Behave. 2003;65:425- 434.

Tiple AD, Deshmukh VP, Dennis RLH. Factors influencing nectar plant resource visits by butterflies on a Uni. Campus: implications for conservation. Nota lepida. 2006;28(3/4):213-224.

Kunte K. Occurrence of Elymnias obnubila Marshall and de Niceville, 1883 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) in southern Mizoram; range extension of the species and an addition to the Indian butterfly fauna. J Threatened Taxa. 2009;1(11):567-568.

Hern A, Edwards‐Jones GA, Mckinlay RG. A review of the pre‐oviposition behaviour of small cabbage white butterfly, Pieris rapae (lepidoptera:Pieridae). annals of applied biology. 1996;128(2):349-71

Hooks CR, Johnson MW. Broccoli growth parameters and level of head infestations in simple and mixed plantings: Impact of increased flora diversification. Annals of Applied Biology. 2001;138(3):269-80.

Janz N, Bergstrom A, Sjogren A. The role of nectar sources for oviposition decisions of the common blue butterfly Polyommatus icarus. OIKOS. 2005;109:535- 538.

Beck J, Miihlenberg E, Fiedler K. Mud-puddling behaviour in tropical butterflies: In search of proteins or minerals? Oecologia. 1999;119:140-148.

Pyke GH, Waser NM. The production of dilute nectars by hummingbird and honeyeater flowers. Biotropica. 1981;260-70.

Atluri JB, Venkataramana SP, Subbareddi C. Eco-biology of the common rose butterfly Pachliopta aristolochiae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera: Papilionidae). Proc. AP. Academic. Sci. 2004;8(2):147-154.

Arun PR. Butterflies of Siruvani Forest of Western Ghats, with notes on their seasonality. Zoo’s Print J. 2003;18(2): 1003-1006.

Arun PR. Seasonality and abundance of insects with special reference to butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in moist deciduous forest of Siruvani, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, South India (Ph. D., Thesis). Bharathiar Uni., Coimbatore. 2000;200-236.

Basavarajappa BS, Cooper TB, Hungund BL. Chronic ethanol administration downregulates cannabinoid receptors in mouse brain synaptic plasma membrane. Brain Research. 1998;793(1-2):212-218.

Raghunandan, K.S and Basavarajappa, S. Incidence of Galleria mellonella infestation on Apis dorsata colonies at different regions of South-Western Karnataka. Zoology. 2014;3(2).

Kehimkar, I. Butterflies of India. Bombay Natural History Society. Mumbai, India. 2016.

Singh S and Walia US. Identification of Weed and their Control Measures. Science Publication, India. 2010;3-86.

Saha, P. Simulating the 3:1 Kirkwood gap. Icarus. 1992;100(2):434-439.

Santhosh S, Basavarajappa S. Study on nectar plants of few butterfly species at agriculture ecosystems of Chamarajanagar District, Karnataka, India. International Jounal of Entomological Research. 2016;1(5):40-48.

Sengupta P, Ghorai N. On the plant-butterfly interaction in the surroundings of the upper Neora Valley National Park, a sub-tropical broad leaved hill forest in the eastern Himalayan landscape of West Bengal, India. An International Journal of Environmental Biology. 2013;4(4):21-30.

Hasan MAU. An inventory of butterfly species in relation to food sources and climatic factors influencing their diversity and richness in a semi evergreen forest of Bangladesh. Arthropods. 2018; 7(3):53.

Weiss MR. Innate color preferences and flexible color learning in the pipevine swallowtail. Animal. Behave. 1997;53: 1043-1052.