An Investigation into the Impacts of Preparatory Tillage and Nutrient Management on Barley Yield and Economic Viability in the Context of Water Stress Conditions

Raghvendra Singh *

Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Allied Industries, Rama University, Mandhana, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 209217, India.

Durgesh Kumar Maurya

Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Allied Industries, Rama University, Mandhana, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 209217, India.

Ravikesh Kumar Pal

Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Allied Industries, Rama University, Mandhana, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 209217, India.

Rahul Ranjan

Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Allied Industries, Rama University, Mandhana, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 209217, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A number of field tests were carried out at the Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology's Soil Conservation and Water Management Farm in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, during the successive rabi seasons of 2020–21 and 2021–22. The gangatic alluvial soil in the study area had a pH of 7.6, which was indicative of its light texture and moderate soil fertility. The study included three different treatments that included preparatory tillage techniques: T1 treatment was one cross plowing with a cultivator; T2 treatment was one disc harrow plowing followed by another cross plowing with a cultivator; and T3 treatment was one disc harrow plowing plus one rotavator pass. The experiment also looked into three different nutrient management strategies: N1, which involved applying 100% of the Recommended Dose of Fertilizers (RDF)—60 kg of N, 30 kg of P2O5, and 30 kg of K2O—through chemical fertilizers; N2, which involved applying 75% of the RDF through chemical fertilizers along with 25% of Farm Yard Manure (FYM); and N3, which applied 50% of the RDF through chemical fertilizers along with 50% of FYM. In addition to applying 50% RDF through chemical fertilizers combined with 50% FYM, the results of the two-year experiment showed that planting barley crops in plots that received one disc harrow plowing and one rotavator pass yielded the maximum values across growth factors, yield attributes (such as grain yield q ha-1, straw yield q ha-1, biological yield q/ha, as well as harvest index), net return, gross return, and the barley benefit-to-cost ratio. This was noted in both years in a consistent manner. The next best results were seen with preparatory tillage, which involved using a cultivator to plough a single cross and applying chemical fertilizers to achieve 100% RDF (N1: 60 kg N ha-1 + 30 kg P2O5ha-1 + 30 kg K2Oha-1).

Keywords: Fertilizers, cultivators, rotavators, disc harrows


How to Cite

Singh , R., Maurya , D. K., Pal , R. K., & Ranjan , R. (2024). An Investigation into the Impacts of Preparatory Tillage and Nutrient Management on Barley Yield and Economic Viability in the Context of Water Stress Conditions. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(2), 601–607. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i23975

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Tapanarova A. Conservation of soil moisture in deep tillage Rigosol under wheat and maize. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Belgrade. 2005;50(2):139-152.

Regar PL, Rao SS, Joshi NL. to the effect of in-situ moisture conservation practices on productivity of rainfed taramira (Erucasativa) in arid Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation. 2009;37(3):197-200.

Titus, Jonathan H, Del Moral, Roger Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae influence Mount St. Helens pioneer species in greenhouse experiments. Munksga ard International Publishers Ltd. 1998;81(3):495-510.

Bajwa JS, Brar SS, Kumar S. Effect of different tillage systems on grain yield and energetics of wheat sown after rice. Extended Summaries ~d International Agronomy Congress, New Delhi , lndi~. 2002;2:806-807.

Morell FJ, Lampurlanés J, Álvaro-Fuentes J, Cantero-Martínez C. Yield andwater use efficiency of barley in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem: Long-term effects of tillage and N fertilization. Soil and Tillage Research. 2011;117:76–84.

Baigys G, Feiza V, Kutra G, Feiziene D. to the Physical soil properties and moisture impact on productivity of spring barley and peas after application of different tillage. Water Management Engineering. 2006;3 (6):23-31.

Dinka TB, Goshu TA, Haile EH. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of food barley (Hordeumvulgare) variety in TokeKutaye District, West Showa Zone, Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2018;6(3):365.

Sharma RP, Suri VK, Datt N. the integrated nutrient management in summer barley (Hordeumvulgare) in a cold desert of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2001;71 (12):752-755.

Dhiman Mukherjee. Influence of various tillage option along with nutrient management practices in maize –Wheat Cropping System under Mid Hill Situation; 2015.

Reddy BC, Singh R, Praveena RS, Sohail A. Effect of Sowing Dates and Levels of Nitrogen on Yield Attributes, Protein Content and Economics of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2018;7(8):435 -440.

Habib MK, Dhaka AK, Kumar Satish, Singh Bhagat, Kumar Neeraj. Performance of different intercrops sown in barley with replacement series. Annals of Biology. 2016;32(2)178-183.

Katiyar SC, Katiyar AK. Growth and yield of rainfed barley (Hordeum vulgare) growth as sole and intercrop under different nitrogen levels. Indian Agriculturist. 2002; 46(3/4):219-224.

Kumari Priyanka, Saini JP, Kumar Rameshwar, Chopra Pankaj, Sharma RP. Impact of Seed Bed Manipulations and Weed Management Practices on Growth, Yield and Economics of Wheat under Organic Conditions, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2019;8(8):2889-2897.

Akhtar Nosheen, Ramani VB, Yunus M, Femi Vala. Effect of Different Nutrient Management Treatments on Growth, Yield Attributes, Yield and Quality of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2018;7:3473-3479.

Anonymous Agricultural Statistics at a glance Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi; 2021.