An Insightful Exploration of Protected Cultivation in Horticultural Crops: A Comprehensive Review

Dharmendra Kumar Gautam

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture & Forestry, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology, Kumarganj, Ayodhya, 224 229 (U.P.), India.

Omkar Warang

Department of Horticulture, Kai. Rajaram Marathe College of Agriculture, Phondaghat, Kankavali-416 601, Maharashtra, India.

G. Ranganna

Dr. YSR Horticultural University- Horticultural Research Station, Vijayarai 534475, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India.


Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, College of Horticulture, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda-210001 (U.P.), India.


Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda-210001 (U.P.), India.

Harish Chandra Yadav *

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda-210001 (U.P.), India.

Budhesh Pratap Singh

Department of Vegetable Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.), India.

Satyendra Verma

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda-210001 (U.P.), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The survey starts by examining various sorts of protected cultivation, encompassing a variety of techniques such as greenhouses, polytunnels, modern nurseries, high passages, and shade houses, as well as their benefits and constraint has emerged as a pivotal component in horticultural practices. It then, at that point, features the significance of protected cultivation in tending to worldwide food security challenges by guaranteeing all year crop creation and decreasing dependence on occasional varieties. This comprehensive review delves into the multifaceted aspects of protected cultivation in horticultural crops, aiming to provide a nuanced understanding of its impact on crop yield, quality, and resource efficiency. The audit further investigates the effect of protected cultivation strategies on the development and advancement of plant crops, including further developed crop morphogenesis, precipitation the board, and the streamlining of natural factors like temperature, moistness, and carbon dioxide levels. Besides, the usage of cutting-edge innovations like aquaculture, aeroponics, and vertical cultivating inside  protected cultivation frameworks is inspected, with an accentuation on their true capacity for amplifying crop efficiency while limiting asset utilization. The article synthesizes recent advancements, challenges, and future prospects in this field, shedding light on the dynamic interplay between environmental factors, crop physiology, and technological interventions. By critically evaluating the existing literature, we present a synthesis of knowledge that can inform both researchers and farmers in optimizing protected cultivation for sustainable and resilient horticultural production systems.

Keywords: Protected cultivation, yield, quality, environmental factors

How to Cite

Gautam, D. K., Warang, O., Ranganna, G., Sameer, Vikki, Yadav, H. C., Singh , B. P., & Verma , S. (2024). An Insightful Exploration of Protected Cultivation in Horticultural Crops: A Comprehensive Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(2), 818–827.


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