Zero Budget Natural Farming Impact on Tribal Rabi Rice Farming: Economic Analysis

Poiba Ravi Prasad *

Department of Agricultural Economics, PG College of Agriculture, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar- 848125, India.

H. O. Sharma

Agro Economic Research Centre for Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, JNKVV, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh – 482004, India.

Prashant Shrivastava

Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, JNKVV, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh– 482004, India.

Puli Nageswara Rao

Bharatiya Engineering, Science and Technology Innovation University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh-515731, India.

Ujjwala Bammidi

National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad, Telangana- 500030, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This study examines the economic viability of implementing Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) interventions in rabi rice cultivation, focusing on cost-effectiveness and productivity outcomes. Data collected before (2014-15) and after (2018-19) ZBNF adoption in a selected tribal area of Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, India were analysed. Results reveal a reduction in total variable costs by 10.20 per cent, primarily attributed to decreases in weeding and nutrient supply expenses. Despite a slight increase in operational costs, ZBNF led to a significant drop (51.30 per cent) in input expenditures. Yield experienced a notable 10.25 per cent increase, resulting in a decrease in production costs from ₹1161.23 to ₹934.34 per quintal. The calculated cost-to-benefit ratio of -1:1.17 demonstrates favourable economic outcomes, highlighting the potential of ZBNF to enhance economic viability and sustainability in rabi rice cultivation among tribal farmers.

Keywords: Cost-effectiveness, economic viability, interventions, rice and ZBNF

How to Cite

Prasad , Poiba Ravi, H. O. Sharma, Prashant Shrivastava, Puli Nageswara Rao, and Ujjwala Bammidi. 2024. “Zero Budget Natural Farming Impact on Tribal Rabi Rice Farming: Economic Analysis”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (3):694-702.


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