Effects of Zero Tillage Technology in Wheat under Humid Subtropical Climate of Begusarai, Bihar, India

Vinita Kashyap *

KVK, Birauli, Samastipur, RPCAU, Pusa, India.

Ram Pal

KVK Begusarai, RPCAU, Pusa, India.

R K Tiwari

KVK, Birauli, Samastipur, RPCAU, Pusa, India.

Nidhi Kumari

KVK, Turkey, RPCAU, Pusa, India.

M S Kundu

RPCAU, Pusa, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The study was conducted in Rabi of 2019-20, 2020-21 and 2021-22 in Begusarai district of Bihar under Frontline Demonstration programme on “Zero Tillage (ZT)” technology in wheat cultivation by KVK (Krishi Vigyan Kendra) Begusarai. The data on Productivity, Economics, Extension gap and Water saving were calculated and compared with the farmer’s practice (FP). In ZT wheat cultivation, saving in cost of crop establishment, water saving and net return were observed more than FP. The average productivity was recorded 50.37 q/ha and 43.13 q/ha in case of ZT and FP respectively, correspondingly crop establishment cost in case of ZT was found 30.55 per cent lower than FP. Similarly, overall average net return in case of ZT wheat cultivation was recorded as Rs 70813/ha per hectare which is 61 % higher than FP. The average calculated B:C ratio for ZT and FP was 3.47 and 2.06 respectively. The average extension gap, Technology gap and Technology index for three consecutive years were perceived 7.24 q/ha, 7.55 q/ha and 18.66 % respectively. It has been observed that there was decreasing trend of extension gap and technology gap in the selected area which reflects the satisfactory adoption rate of the demonstrated technology for the cultivation of wheat. It was recorded that ZT is significantly superior over the FP in terms of several parameters under the study.

Keywords: Extension gap, FLD, mechanization, wheat cultivation, zero tillage

How to Cite

Kashyap, V., Pal , R., Tiwari , R. K., Kumari , N., & Kundu , M. S. (2024). Effects of Zero Tillage Technology in Wheat under Humid Subtropical Climate of Begusarai, Bihar, India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(4), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i44090


Download data is not yet available.


Kishore Avinash. Singh, Vartika Seeds, Water, and Markets to Increase Wheat Productivity in Bihar, India.CSISA research note 2021;19.

RWC. Rice–Wheat Consortium for the Indo Gangetic plains, New Delhi, India; 2004.

Erenstein O, Sayre K, Wall P, Dixon J, Hellin J. Adapting no-tillage agriculture to the conditions of smallholder maize and wheat farmers in the tropics and sub-tropics. In: Goddard T, Zoebisch M, Gan Y, Ellis W, Watson A, Sombatpanit, S. (Eds.), No-till Farming Systems. Special Publication 3. World Association of Soil and Water Conservation (WASWC), Bangkok, 2008:253–278.

Baranwal SP. Fertilizer management in zerotill planted wheat. Thesis, M. Sc. Ag. (Agron). G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar. 1995:78.

Erenstein, Olaf, Laxmi, Vijay. Zero tillage impacts in India's rice–wheat systems: A review. Soil & Tillage Research. 2008; 100:1–14.

Dubey Rachna, Pathak Himanshu, Singh Shivdhar, Chakravarty Bidisha, Thakur AK, Fagodia RK. Impact of Sowing Dates on Terminal Heat Tolerance of Different Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars. The National Academy of Sciences, India; 2019.


Papu Singh, Singh Sweta, Singh BR. Performance of Zero-Till Drill for Wheat Cultivation at Farmer’s Fields. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR); 2014.


Hobbs PR. A perspective on research need for the rice-wheat rotation. A.R. Klatt, ed., Wheat Production Constraints for Tropical Environment. Mexico, D. F. CIMMYT. 1988;197-211.

Malik RK, Balyan RS, Yadav A, Pahwa SK. (Eds.), Herbicide Resistance Management and Zero Tillage in Rice–Wheat Cropping System. CCSHAU, Hisar,

Meena, Mukesh, Rajesh T, Karma Beer. Adoption and impact of zero tillage in the rice-wheat production system of Haryana. Indian J Agric Res. 2016;50(6): 584-588.

Punia SS, Malik RK, Yadav A, Singh S, Nehra AS. Acceleration of Management on yield of wheat in rice–wheat cropping system under zero tillage; 2002.

Prasad B, Sinha RK, Singh AK. Studies on the effect of nitrogen productivity of wheat in the Indo-Gangetic Plains: Zero-till-seed-cum-fertilizer Drill as an Integrated Solution. Rice–Wheat Consortium Paper Series 8. RWC, New Delhi, India; 2002.

Chourasiya A, Tripathi UK, Sharma AK. Evaluation of Frontline demonstration of Zero Tillage Technology in Wheat Under Semi-Irrigated Conditions. J Krishi Vigyan. 2022;10(2):146-149.

Shailendra Singh Kushwah BS, Kasana S, Bhadauria S. Zero-Till Wheat Planting in Rice-Wheat Cropping System. Journal of Krishi Vigyan. 2019;8(1):301-305.

Mehla RS, Verma JK, Gupta RK, Hobbs PR. Stagnation in the zero tillage technology in Haryana. In: Malik RK, Balyan RS, Yadav A., Pahwa SK. (Eds.), Herbicide Resistance Management and Zero Tillage in Rice–Wheat Cropping System. CCSHAU, Hisar, India. 2000:146–148.


[Accessed on: 28th February 2024]


[Accessed on: 27th February 2024].