Impact of Climate Change on Global Agriculture: Challenges and Adaptation

Harshad A. Prajapati

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, NAU, Waghai, Dang, Gujarat, India.

Khushboo Yadav

Department of Extension Education and Communication Management, College of Community Science, PJTSAU, Hyderabad-500004. India.

Yamuna Hanamasagar

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Horticulture Bengaluru, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot, India.

Margam Bharath Kumar

Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural Universit, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India.

Tanzeel Khan

College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, SKUAST-K, India.

Ningaraj Belagalla

Department of Entomology, Mysore University, India.

Vimala Thomas

CPCRI, Statistics Division Agricultural Statistics, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore, MSC completed University, India.

Afshan Jabeen

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, India.

G. Gomadhi

ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam 604 102, Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India.

G. Malathi *

KVK, Sandhiyur, Salem, Tamil Nadu India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Climate change poses a significant threat to global agriculture, disrupting crop production, soil health, water resources, and regional food security. This review paper comprehensively examines the multifaceted impacts of climate change on agriculture, highlighting challenges faced by vulnerable regions and crops. The adverse effects on crop production, soil health, and water resources are analyzed, emphasizing the urgent need for adaptation strategies and innovations. The review further explores global collaboration and policy frameworks aimed at fostering resilience in agriculture. By addressing these interconnected issues, the paper offers insights into mitigating the challenges posed by climate change and enhancing the sustainability of global agricultural systems. Climate change poses significant challenges to global agriculture, impacting crop yields, water availability, and agricultural productivity. This abstract provides an overview of the challenges posed by climate change to agriculture and discusses adaptation strategies to mitigate its adverse effects. Climate change affects agriculture through changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, extreme weather events, and shifts in pest and disease dynamics. These changes have profound implications for food security, rural livelihoods, and environmental sustainability. Adaptation strategies, including crop diversification, water management, adoption of climate-resilient agricultural practices, and technological innovations, are essential to enhance the resilience of agricultural systems to climate change. Collaborative efforts among governments, farmers, researchers, and policymakers are crucial to developing and implementing effective adaptation measures. By addressing the challenges posed by climate change and adopting adaptive strategies, global agriculture can become more resilient and sustainable in the face of changing climatic conditions.

Keywords: Climate change, agriculture, crop production, soil health, water resources, adaptation strategies, vulnerable regions, global collaboration, policy frameworks

How to Cite

Prajapati , Harshad A., Khushboo Yadav, Yamuna Hanamasagar, Margam Bharath Kumar, Tanzeel Khan, Ningaraj Belagalla, Vimala Thomas, Afshan Jabeen, G. Gomadhi, and G. Malathi. 2024. “Impact of Climate Change on Global Agriculture: Challenges and Adaptation”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (4):372-79.


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