Effect of Different Cladding Material and Mulching on the Growth and Yield of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) under Forced Ventilated Greenhouse System

D. Mahender Reddy *

Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, AEC & RI, Kumulur, TNAU, India.

R. Lalitha

Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, AEC & RI, Kumulur, TNAU, India.

S. Vallal Kannan

Department of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering, AEC & RI, Kumulur, TNAU, India.

A. Raviraj

Department of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering, AEC & RI, Kumulur, TNAU, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The experiment was conducted at Agricultural Engineering College & Research Institute, Kumulur, (TNAU), Tamil Nadu with the objectives to test the performance of different cladding (blue and white colour polyethylene) and plastic mulches (silver on black colour) on the growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L., Fadia F1, hybrid) to find the suitable cultivation practices for obtaining higher yields in semi-arid regions.

The observations of micro climatic parameters such as temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, light intensity and soil temperature were recorded in each polyhouse and at control (open cultivation). The plant growth parameters like plant height, number of leaves per plant, number of branches, date of first flowering, number of fruits, individual fruit weight and leaf- area were recorded among all the treatments.

Among the blue and white polyhouse conditions, favourable solar incidental radiation and light intensity was observed in the white polyhouse as compared to blue polyhouse. Among the plastic mulch and without mulch treatments, the plastic mulch showed negative results under polyhouse cultivation where as positive results on growth and yield parameters at open condition (control).  Significant differences were found among the treatments combinations of white poly house condition without mulch treatment on higher fruit size, fruit weight, number of fruits per plant, number of leaves per plant, leaf area and higher yield might be due to higher photosynthetic active radiation than blue polyhouse. The microclimatic condition recorded in blue polyhouse found to be detrimental to the pathogens under certain wave lengths and resulted in lower incidences of pest and diseases but not supported for higher yield due to low light intensity compared to white polyhouse. White polythene film as cladding material for construction of poly house and without mulching is important to achieve higher growth and yield of Cucumber under semi-arid regions.

Keywords: Poly house, mulches, growth and yield parameters.


How to Cite

Reddy, D. Mahender, R. Lalitha, S. Vallal Kannan, and A. Raviraj. 2021. “Effect of Different Cladding Material and Mulching on the Growth and Yield of Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus) under Forced Ventilated Greenhouse System”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 11 (3):115-25. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2021/v11i330382.

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