Impact of Temperature Variations on Rice Production

Koyi Jyothsna

Department of Agronomy, UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru- 560 065, Karnataka, India.

Aakash *

Department of Agronomy, R.S.M. (P.G.) College, Dhampur-246 761 (Bijnor) (Affiliated to Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh), India.

Paluchani Meghana Reddy

Department of Plant Physiology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi- 221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Jyotsna Setty

Department of Plant Physiology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi- 221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The mean temperature might rise up to range of 2.0–4.5°C worldwide by the end of this century. Climatic variables affect the growth and development of the crop differently at different growth stages. The rate of development of a crop depends on the climate. Temperature is the primary factor that influences the growth and productivity of crops. Higher or lower temperatures than the optimum lead to improper crop development and affect rice's phenological stages. Extreme temperature may lead to early maturity of the crop and lower temperature lead to prolonged maturity of the crop which in both cases leads to a decrease in yield. A moderate increase in temperature will not have severe implications, but an increase in average temperature by 20 C will likely have strong negative effects on rice crop production. In several studies, it has been reported that high night temperature decreases the yield potential of rice. Whereas, respiratory losses have been shown to increase due to higher day temperature, leaf conductance and net assimilation rates during the day were reported to be higher.

Keywords: Rice, temperature, phenology, spikelet, grain yield


How to Cite

Jyothsna , K., Aakash, Reddy , P. M., & Setty , J. (2024). Impact of Temperature Variations on Rice Production. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(5), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i54166

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