Assessment of Plant Diversity and Soil Quality Management in Forest Land of West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Ujji Pushpa Latha *

Department of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, College of Forestry, Prayagraj-211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Ram Bharose

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Utter Pradesh, India.

Hemant Kumar

Department of Forest Products and Utilization, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Utter Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The field experiment was set in home-garden areas under forest land of eight small towns viz.  Borampalem, Venkatapuram, Gundugolanukunta, Ramannapalem, Abdullapuram, Tirumaladevpeta, Venkatakrishnapuram, Appalarajugudem in West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh during November to March in 2021–22 assess the Plant and Tree Diversity and Soil quality parameters. The plant/tree species Phoenix sylvestris, reported the highest frequency (245.00), dominance (3.27), and basal area (7542.96 cm2).  Plumbago zeylanica had the highest relative density (6.96) and relative abundance (6.81) among all the shrub species. Plumbago zeylanica reported the highest Important value index (IVI) 17.10 while Herb species with highest density was found in Centella asiatica (0.95), frequency (35), and highest Important value index (IVI) 14.60. Soil quality parameters reflects that at the depth 0-15cm the average value of pH is found to be7.52, organic carbon is 0.56%, the amount of available nitrogen is 213.78 kg/ha, amount of available of phosphorus is 41.25 kg/ha and available potassium is 38.22 kg/ha. At the depth of 15-30 cm the Average value of pH is found to be 6.61, organic carbon is 0.39%, the amount of available nitrogen is 189.51 kg/ha, amount of available of phosphorus is 34.75 kg/ha and available potassium is 31.37 kg/h.

Keywords: Agro-forestry models, forest land, plant and tree diversity, soil quality, relative density, West Godavari District


How to Cite

Latha , U. P., Bharose , R., & Kumar , H. (2024). Assessment of Plant Diversity and Soil Quality Management in Forest Land of West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(5), 32–44. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i54168

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Attua EM, Pabi O. Tree species composition, richness and diversity in the northern forest- savanna ecotone of Ghana. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 2013;69:5437-5448.

Turner MG. Landscape Heterogeneity and Disturbance. Springer-Verlag, New York. 1987:24.

Armenteras D, Rodríguez N, Retana J. Are conservation strategies effective in avoiding the deforestation of the Colombian Guyana Shield. Biological Conservation.2009;142:1411–1419.

Chittibabu CV, Parthasarathy N. Attenuated tree species diversity in human- impacted tropical evergreen forest sites at Kolli hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2000;9: 1493–1519.

Condit R, Ashton PS, Baker P, Bunyavejohewin S, Gunatileke S, Gunatileke N, Yamakura T. Spatial patterns in the distribution of tropical tree species. Science. 2000;288: 1414–1418.

Evariste WT, Hong SQ, Jie K, Tongxi WANG. Design and simulation of Gaussian shaping amplifier made only with CMOS FET for FEE of particle detector, Nuclear Science and Techniques. 2010;21(5):312-315

Cintra R, Ximenes AC, Gondim FR, Kropf MS. Forest spatial heterogeneity and palm richness, abundance and community composition in Terra Firme Forest, Central Amazon. Revista Brazilian Botany. 2005; 28(1):75–84.

Rennolls K Laumonier, Diversity structure analysis at two sites in the tropical rain forest of Sumatra Journal of Tropical Ecology Species. 2000;16(2):253-270.

Gonmadje CF, Doumenge C, McKey D, Tchouto GPM, Sunderland TCH, Malinga MPB, Sonke B. Tree diversity and conservation value of Ngovayang’s lowland forests, Cameroon. Biodiversity Conservation. 2011;20:2627–2648.

Condit R, Hubbell SP, Lafrankie JV, Sukumar R, Manokaran N, Foster RB, Ashton PS. Species-area and species-individual relationships for tropical trees: a comparison of three 50-ha plots. Journal of Ecology. 1996;84:549-62.

Laurance WF, Oliveira AA, Laurance SG, Condit R, Nascimento HEM, Sanchez-Thorin AC, Lovejoy TE, Andrade A, D’Angelo S, Ribeiro JE. Pervasive alteration of tree communities in undisturbed Amazonian forests. Nature. 2004;428(6979):171-5

Mohandass D, Davidar P. Floristic structure and diversity of a tropical montane evergreen forest (shoal) of the Nilgiri Mountains, southern India. Tropical Ecology. 2009;50(2):219–229.

Ozcelik B, Lee JH, Min DB. Effects of light, oxygen, and pH on the absorbance of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). J Food Sci. 2003:68(2):487.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb05699.x

Baraloto C, Paine CET, Poorter L, Beauchene J, Bonal D, et al. Decoupled leaf and stem economics in rain forest trees. Ecol Lett. 2010;13:1338–1347.

Raturi, Sagar et al. Temperate mixed forests and sub-tropical forests. Biodiversity can also vary based on biogeography, habitat, and disturbance; 2012.

Bahuguna VK, Upadhyay A. Forest fires in India: Policy initiatives for community participation. The International Forestry Review. 2002;122-127.

Wilson EO. The current state of biological diversity. In E. O. Wilson & F. M. Peter (Eds.), Biodiversity. National Academy Press; 1988b:3–18.

May RM, Stumpf MPH. Species-area relationships in tropical forests. Science. 2000;290(5499):2084-2086

Sagar R, Raghubanshi AS, Singh JS. Tree species composition, dispersion and diversity along a disturbance gradient in a dry tropical forest region of India. Forest Ecology and Management. 2003;186(1-3): 61-71.

Murphy PG, Lugo AE. Ecology Of Tropical Dry Forest. 1986;17:67-88.

Nath PC, Arunachalam S, Khan ML, Arunachalam K, Barbhuiya AN. Veget ation analysis and tree population structure of tropical wet evergreen forests in and around Namdapha National Park, northeast India. Biodiversity Conservation. 2005;14:2109– 2135.

Gopalakrishna SP, Kaonga ML, Somashekar RK, Suresh HS, Suresh R. Tree diversity in the tropical dry forest of Bannerghatta National Park in Eastern Ghats, southern India. European Journal of Ecology. 2015;1(2):12–27.

Gordon JE, Newton AC. The potential misapplication of rapid plant diversity assessment in tropical conservation. Journal for Nature Conservation. 2006;14: 117– 126.

Myers N. Population/environment linkages: discontinuities ahead. Ambio. 1992;21: 116–118.

Raghubanshi AS, Tripathi A. Effect of disturbance, habitat fragmentation and alien invasive plants on floral diversity in dry tropical forest of Vindhyan Highlands: A review. Tropical Ecology. 2009;50(1): 57–69.

Gandhi DS, Sundarapandian S. Inventory of trees in tropical dry deciduous forests of Tiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu, India. Biodiversity’s, Journal of Biological Diversity. 2014;15(2):169–179.

Huang W, Pohjonen V, Johansson V, Nashanda M, Katigula MIL, Luukkanen O. Species diversity, forest structure and species composition in Tanzanian tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 2003;173:111–124.

Kumar. The effects of disturbance on forest structure and diversity at different altitudes in Garhwal Himalaya Chi Journal Ecol. 2009;2 (3):424-432.

Swamy PS. Forest ecosystem structure and composition along an altitudinal gradient in the Western Ghats, South India. Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 2000;12:104–123.

Shukla RP, Ramakrishnan PS. Architecture and growth strategies of tropical trees in relation to successional status. Journal of Ecology. 1986;74:33–46.

Nagarjuna A;. Vertical gradient and resource partitioning of rainfall. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, migratory birds on Barringtonia tree in Nelapattu. 2009;92(1-2):31-45. bird sanctuary. World J. Zoology. 4(3):223-224.

Curtis JT, RP. McIntosh the Interrelations of Certain Analytic and Synthetic Phytosociological Characters. Ecology. 1950;31(3):434-455.

Phillips O, Martinez RV, Vargas PN, Monteagudo AL, Zans MEC, Sanchez WG. Efficient plot-based floristic assessment of tropical forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 2003;19:629–645.

Bouyoucos, Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils Agron. J. 1962;54:464-465

Ramesh P, Panwar NR, Singh AB, Ramana S, Rao AS. Impact of organic-manure combinations on the productivity and soil quality in different cropping systems in Central India; 2009.

Choudary. Sustainable intensification influences soil quality, biota, and productivity in cereal-based agroecosystems Applied Soil Ecology. 2018;126:189-198.

Jackson. Soil Chemical Analysis: Advanced Course: A Manual of Methods Useful for Instruction and Research in Soil Chemistry, Physical Chemistry of Soils, Soil Fertility, and Soil Genesis. Quantitative determination of quartz in soils, sediments, and rocks by pyrosulfate fusion and hydrofluosilicic acid treatment. Soil Sci. ‎Appears in 7 books from. 1969:1896-2005

Richards LA. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline Alkali Soils, Agriculture, 160, Handbook 60. US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC; 1954.

Walkley A. Black IA. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic Matter, and a proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method. Soil Science. 1934;37(1):29-38

Subbiah BV, Asija GL. A Rapid Procedure for the Estimation of Available Nitrogen in Soils. Current Science. 1956;25:259-260.

Olson DR. The world on paper: The conceptual and cognitive implications of writing and reading. Cambridge University Press; 1994.

Toth SJ, Prince AL. Estimation of cation-exchange capacity and exchangeable ca, Impk, and Na contents of soils by Flame Photometer Techniques Soil Science. 1949;67(6):439-446.

Panda PC, Mahapatra AK, Acharya PK, Debata AK. Plant diversity in tropical deciduous forests of Eastern Ghats, India: A landscape level assessment. International Journal of Biodiversity Conservation. 2013;5:625–639.

Parthasarathy N. Changes in forest composition and structure in three sites of tropical evergreen forests around Sengaltheri, Western Ghats. Current Sciences. 2001;80:389– 393.

Naidu MT, Kumar OA. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2015;7(8): 7443-7459.

Margules CR, Pressey RL, Williams PH. Representing biodiversity: Data and procedures for identifying priority areas for conservation. Journal of Biosciences. 2002;27(4):309– 326.

Nath Impact of land-use changes on the storage of soil organic carbon in active and recalcitrant pools in a humid tropical region of India. Sci. Total Environ., 2018;624, 908-917.

Kumar JIN, Kumar RN, Bhoi RK, Sajish PR. Tree species diversity and soil nutrient status in three sites of tropical dry deciduous forest of western India. Tropical Ecology. 2010;51: 273–279.

Phillips EA. Methods of Vegetation Study. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York. 1959:107.