Physiological Responses of Stress Tolerant Rice Varieties across Different Cropping Systems under Rainfed Stress

Deepti Tiwari *

Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India and Division of Plant Physiology, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Manoj Kumar Patel

Division of Genetics, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Payal Priyadarsini

Division of Plant Physiology, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Ankita

Department of Farm Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Shatakashi Mishra

Division of Post Harvest Technology, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Vijai P. *

Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

UP Singh

Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Rice, sustaining half of the world's population, is traditionally cultivated through transplanting, particularly in Asia. However, challenges like excessive water use, labour demands, and environmental stresses like drought prompt the search for alternatives. Our study evaluates the impact of various crop establishment methods (CEs) – conventional puddled transplanting, direct drill seeding on flatbeds (DSR), and direct seeding on raised beds (FIRB) – on five stress-tolerant rice varieties (V): DRR 42, DRR 44, Sukha Dhan 5, Sukha Dhan 6, and Sarjoo 52. The key physiological parameters like Relative Water Content, Membrane Stability Index, and Chlorophyll content were analysed across different CE and V combinations. Notably, FIRB consistently surpasses other methods, suggesting its potential in bolstering stress tolerance and yield. Among the five varieties, Sukha Dhan 5 (V3) displays the highest RWC, Sarjoo 52 (V5) in MSI, and DRR 44 (V2) demonstrates superior chlorophyll content. These varieties underscore their pivotal role in maintaining plant water status, facilitating robust photosynthesis, and enhancing stress resilience, thereby ensuring stable yields. Our findings underscore FIRB's promise in curbing water waste and mitigating drawbacks associated with conventional transplanting practices.

Keywords: Cropping systems, Direct Drill Seeding on Flatbed (DSR), Direct Seeding on the Raised Bed (FIRB), puddled transplanting, stress-tolerant rice varieties


How to Cite

Tiwari , D., Patel, M. K., Priyadarsini , P., , A., Mishra , S., Vijai P., & Singh , U. (2024). Physiological Responses of Stress Tolerant Rice Varieties across Different Cropping Systems under Rainfed Stress. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(5), 56–66. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i54170

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

IRRI. Rice almanac: Source book for the most important economic activity on earth. CABI, Wallingford; 2002.

Wilson RA, Talbot NJ. Under pressure: Investigating the biology of plant infection by Magnaporthe oryzae. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2009;7(3):185.

FAOSTAT. FAO Statistical databases. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, Rome; 2017.

Available from: www.fao.org.

Mahajan G, Kumar V, Chauhan BS. Rice production in India. Rice production worldwide. 2017:53-91.

Mabbayad BB, Obordo RA. Transplanting rice vs direct seeding. World Farming. 1971;13:6-7.

Farooq M, Kobayashi N, Ito O, Wahid A, Serraj R. Broader leaves result in better performance of indica rice under drought stress. J Plant Physiol. 2010;167(13):1066-1075.

Purseglove JW. Tropical Crops: Monocotyledons Volumes 1 and 2 Combined. 1972.

Kumar A, Dixit S, Ram T, Yadaw RB, Mishra KK, Mandal NP. Breeding high-yielding drought-tolerant rice: genetic variations and conventional and molecular approaches. J Exp Bot. 2014;65(21):6265-6278.

Dong WZ, Ji MR, Yuan DM, Mao WQ. 750 kg Yield target techniques by non-flooding irrigation and direct-sowing cultivation. China Rice. 2005;3:33.

Kato Y, Katsura K. Rice adaptation to aerobic soils: Physiological considerations and implications for agronomy. Plant Prod Sci. 2014;17(1):1-12.

Bajpai RK, Tripathi RP. Evaluation of non-puddling under shallow water tables and alternative tillage methods on soil and crop parameters in a rice–wheat system in Uttar Pradesh. Soil and Tillage Research. 2000;55(1-2):99-106.

Wang Q, Bai Y, Gao H, He J, Chen H, Chesney RC, Kuhn NJ, Li H. Soil chemical properties and microbial biomass after 16 years of no-tillage farming on the Loess Plateau, China. Geoderma. 2008 Apr 15;144(3-4):502-8.

Xiaoguang Y, Huaqi W, Zhimin W, Junfang Z, Bin C, Bouman BAM. Yield of aerobic rice (Han Dao) under different water regimes in North China. 2002: 155.

Tuong TP, Bouman BAM. Rice production in water-scarce environments. In: Water productivity in agriculture: Limits and Opportunities for Improvement. 2003:1-42.

Flessa H, Fischer WR. Plant-induced changes in the redox potentials of rice rhizospheres. Plant Soil. 1992;143(1):55-60.

Patrick WH, Mikkelsen DS, Wells BR. Plant nutrient behavior in flooded soil. Fertilizer technology and use. 1985;197-228.

Meissle M, Mouron P, Musa T, Bigler F, Pons X, Vasileiadis VP, Dorner Z. Pests, pesticide use and alternative options in European maize production: Current status and future prospects. J Appl Entomol. 2010;134(5):357-375.

Singh G, Kumar D, Marwaha TS, Singh AK. Influence of tillage, water regimes and integrated nitrogen management practices on soil quality indices in rice (Oryza sativa L.) in the Indo-Gangetic plains. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 2009;55(4): 439-50.

Coventry DR, Poswal RS, Yadav A, Riar AS, Zhou Y, Kumar A, Gupta RK. A comparison of farming practices and performance for wheat production in Haryana, India. Agric Syst. 2015;137:139-153.

Hossain MF, Salam MA, Ruddin M, Pervez Z, Sarkar MAR. A comparative study of direct seeding versus transplanting method on the yield of AUS rice. Pakistan J Agron. 2002;1(2-3):86-88.

Naresh RK, Singh B, Bansal Sangita MS, Rathi RC, Singh KV. Raised bed controlled traffic farming for sustainability of vegetable crop production for improving livelihood of Western Indo-Gangetic Plains farmers. In: Zonal seminar on physiological and molecular interventions for yield and quality improvement in crop plants. 2010:102-115.

Singh A, Kang JS, Kaur M, & Goyal A. Irrigation scheduling in zero-till and bed-planted wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Soil Conservation. 2010;38(3):194-198.

Begum FA, Paul NK. Influence of soil moisture on growth, water use and yield of mustard. J Agron Crop Sci. 1993;170(2):136-141.

Husnjak S, Filipovic D, Kosutic S. Influence of different tillage systems on soil physical properties and crop yield. Rostlinna vyroba. 2002;48(6):249-254.

Gill MS, Jat ML. Role of tillage and other agronomic practices in enhancing water use efficiency. In: 10th inter regional conference on water and environment held at New Delhi During. 2007:17-20.

Meisner CA. Wheat production and grower practices in the Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico (Vol. 6). CIMMYT. 1992.

Hobbs PR, Sayre K, Gupta R. The role of conservation agriculture in sustainable agriculture. Philos Trans R Soc B Biol Sci. 2007;363(1491):543-555.

Dhillon SS, Prashar A, Thaman S. Studies on bed planted wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under different nitrogen levels and tillage methods. Environment & Agriculture. 2005:92.

Weatherley PE. A convenient volumenometer for biological work. Journal of Experimental Botany. 1950:244-8.

Sairam RK. Effect of moisture-stress on physiological activities of two contrasting wheat genotypes. 1994.

Hiscox JD, Israelstam GF. A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Canadian Journal of Botany. 1979;57(12):1332-4.

Arnon DI. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology. 1949;24(1):1.

Gunasekera D, Berkowitz GA. Heterogenous stomatal closure in response to leaf water deficits is not a universal phenomenon. Plant Physiology. 1992;98(2):660-5.

Liu F, Stützel H. Leaf water relations of vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) in response to soil drying. European Journal of Agronomy. 2002;16(2):137 -50.

Schonfeld MA, Johnson RC, Carver BF, Mornhinweg DW. Water relations in winter wheat as drought resistance indicators. Crop Science. 1988;(3):526-31.

Larkunthod P, Nounjan N, Siangliw JL, Toojinda T, Sanitchon J, Jongdee B, Theerakulpisut P. Physiological responses under drought stress of improved drought-tolerant rice lines and their parents. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 2018;46(2):679-87.

Sikuku PA, Netondo GW, Musyimi DM, Onyango JC. Effects of water deficit on days to maturity and yield of three NERICA Rainfed Rice Varieties.2010.

Tyagi A, Santha IM, Mehta SL. Effect of water stress on proline content and transcript levels in Lathyrus sativus. 1999.

Sairam RK, Shukla DS, Saxena DC. Stress induced injury and antioxidant enzymes in relation to drought tolerance in wheat genotypes. Biologia plantarum. 1997;40:357-64.

Fokar M, Blum A, Nguyen HT. Heat tolerance in spring wheat. II. Grain filling. Euphytica. 1998;104:9-15.

Kura-Hotta M, Satoh K, Katoh S. Relationship between photosynthesis and chlorophyll content during leaf senescence of rice seedlings. Plant and Cell Physiology. 1987;28(7):1321 -9.

Levitt J. Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress: Chilling, Freezing, and High Temperature Stresses. Academic Press.1980;1.

Ihsan MZ, El-Nakhlawy FS, Ismail SM, Fahad S, Daur I. Wheat phenological development and growth studies as affected by drought and late season high temperature stress under arid environment. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2016;7:795.

Fahong W, Xuqing W, Sayre K. Comparison of conventional, flood irrigated, flat planting with furrow irrigated, raised bed planting for winter wheat in China. Field Crops Research. 2004;87 (1):35-42.