Groundwater Quality Status of the Parambikulam Aliyar Palar Basin, Tamil Nadu, India Using RS and GIS Techniques

Palanisamy Jothimani *

Department of Environmental Sciences, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

Chidamparam Poornachandhra

Department of Environmental Sciences, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

Govindaraj Kamalam Dinesh

SRM College of Agricultural Sciences, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Baburayanpettai - 603201, Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu, India and INTI International University, Persiaran Perdana BBN Putra Nilai, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan-7180, Malaysia.

Shanmugam Vinothkanna

Department of Geography, Govt Arts college, Coimbatore-18, India.

Koothan Vanitha

Department of Fruit Science, HCRI, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

Paravel Nishanth

Department of Environmental Sciences, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The dependency of ground water is rising day by day. The ground water gets recharged mainly through rainfall. Thirty five water samples were collected from Parambikulam Aliyar Palar basin from open wells, bore wells and dug cum bore wells and analysed for chemical properties such as pH, Electrical Conductivity, cations and anions for two years duration (2020 and 2021) at three months interval (summer, winter, southwest monsoon, northeast monsoon) and analysed for the quality parameters. T Electrical conductivity values were ranged from 0.3 to 5.19 dsm-1, 0.29 to 6.80 dsm-1 0.3 to 6.84 dsm-1 and 0.64 to 4.17 dsm-1 during south west, north east, winter and summer seasons of 2020, respectively. The salt content was slightly increased during winter and summers seasons as compared to south west and north east. he samples were classified under USSL classification.  Most of the samples come under medium salinity class (C2) (48.57%) followed by low salinity class (C1), high salinity class (C4) and very high salinity class (C3) with 28.57, 14.29 and 8.57 per cent respectively in all the seasons. Majority of the samples exhibit there is no permeability hazard. Salinity persists in the basin and possibility of salt accumulation in irrigation pipes observed from LSI values. Using remote sensing and GIS technique, the mapping was done for the groundwater quality of PAP basin. The variations in the ground water quality of the basin are directly positively correlated with rainfall pattern and geology of the basin. For effective utilization of saline water in the basin, management strategies were formulated and field experiments were conducted in the farmer’s holdings in the sampling area of the basin.

Keywords: Groundwater, quality, PAP basin, RS and GIS


How to Cite

Jothimani, P., Poornachandhra, C., Dinesh, G. K., Vinothkanna, S., Vanitha, K., & Nishanth, P. (2024). Groundwater Quality Status of the Parambikulam Aliyar Palar Basin, Tamil Nadu, India Using RS and GIS Techniques. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(5), 88–104. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i54173

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