Reviewing Soil Contaminant Remediation Techniques

Samriti Verma

Lovely Professional University, Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

Pankaj Verma

Lovely Professional University, Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

Animesh Ghosh Bag *

Lovely Professional University, Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

Nitin Madan Changade

Lovely Professional University, Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Harmful contaminants generating from industry, agricultural and human activity are causing the degradation of soil health, along with detrimental effects on human and the environment. It is imperative to safeguard the soil from these dangerous pollutants by using soil remediation techniques that may be effective breakdown these dangerous toxins. A sustainable approach to remediate the soil from different contaminants is bioremediation. Bioremediation is a method where microbes are used to alleviate soil pollution effectively. Natural microorganisms like fungus, bacteria, and algae are employed in the bioremediation process to break down heavy metal (lead, arsenic, chromium etc.) or organic based. chemical contaminants. This study examines the use of microorganisms and various bioremediation methods, including genetic engineering, nanotechnology, and electro bioremediation, for recovering polluted soil. This investigation clarified the challenges associated with applying these bioremediation technologies and microorganisms, as well as their effects on the ecosystem and inherent soil microbial population. The goal of this current study is to illustrate the various technologies which are more effective in this remediation process.

Keywords: Contaminants, soil pollution, bioremediation, soil microbes, breakdown


How to Cite

Verma , S., Verma, P., Bag, A. G., & Changade , N. M. (2024). Reviewing Soil Contaminant Remediation Techniques. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(5), 115–134. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i54175

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