Green Manure for Sustainable Crop Production: A Review

Anambattu Joshna *

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab- 144411, India.

Kangujam Bokado

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab- 144411, India.

Barkha

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab- 144411, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Green manuring is an economical and eco-friendly scientific approach to achieve more resilient and sustainable food production for agricultural systems. Incorporation of green manure improves soil condition by increasing soil physical, chemical and biological properties such as organic matter, availability of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and also improves soil structure by preventing soil erosion, increasing water holding capacity etc. Green manure acts as a natural fertilizer, releasing nutrients into the soil as it decomposes and increases the nutrient content in the soil and shows positive effect on plant growth and development. Addition of green manure crops contribute to greater fixation of atmospheric nitrogen, and when decomposed, makes the nitrogen availability in the soil, reducing the need for synthetic nitrogen fertilizers in crops. Furthermore, it has a significant impact on several plant growth and yield parameters, resulting in increased agricultural productivity and ecosystem health.

Keywords: Green manure, sustainability, soil fertility, growth, organic matter, nutrients, yield


How to Cite

Joshna, A., Bokado, K., & Barkha. (2024). Green Manure for Sustainable Crop Production: A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 14(5), 147–156. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i54177

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