Application of Panchagavya, a Cow-based Liquid Formulation, as a Lever for Sustainable and Enhanced Vegetable Crop Production: A Review

Swagat Ranjan Behera *

Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand-263145, India.

Riya Pandey

Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand-263145, India.

Krisanu Golui

Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana-125004, India.

Swapnashree Sahoo

Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh-221005, India.

Riya Jakhwal

Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh-250110, India.

Riti Pal

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand-263145, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Panchagavya, a fermented liquid bio-formulation derived from cow-based products such as dung, urine, milk, curd and ghee, has recently gained importance in agricultural practices due to its reported effectiveness in enhancing vegetable crop production. Its formulation involves a fermentation process that harnesses the diverse microbial communities present in cow-derived substances, resulting in a potent nutrient-rich solution that is believed to possess plant growth-promoting properties. One of the primary mechanisms underlying its efficacy lies in the diverse array of microorganisms present in the formulation. These microorganisms, including beneficial bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes, play crucial roles in nutrient cycling, disease suppression and soil conditioning. Additionally, Panchagavya contains plant growth-promoting substances such as hormones, enzymes, vitamins and amino acids, which contribute to enhanced nutrient uptake, root development and overall plant vigour. Furthermore, application of Panchagavya has been shown to improve soil health by enhancing microbial activity, increasing organic matter content and improving soil properties. These soil improvements not only benefit the current crop but also have long-term positive implications for soil fertility and sustainability. This multifaceted approach to crop management offers a holistic solution to enhance crop productivity while reducing reliance on synthetic inputs. This review aims to comprehensively analyse the literature on the effects of Panchagavya on vegetable crops, highlighting its mechanisms of action and potential benefits for increased vegetable crop production.

Keywords: Panchagavya, liquid manure, vegetable, crop production, soil health, sustainability


How to Cite

Behera, Swagat Ranjan, Riya Pandey, Krisanu Golui, Swapnashree Sahoo, Riya Jakhwal, and Riti Pal. 2024. “Application of Panchagavya, a Cow-Based Liquid Formulation, As a Lever for Sustainable and Enhanced Vegetable Crop Production: A Review”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (5):214-32. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i54183.

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