Revolutionizing Agriculture with Nanotechnology: Advances, Applications, and Sustainability Considerations

Sachin Sharma *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner, India.

Arvind Kumar Yadav

Department of Agronomy, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner, India.

Mahabir Prasad Yadav

Department of Horticulture, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner, India.

Shashi Verma

Department of Extension Education, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The integration of nanotechnology into agriculture has garnered significant interest due to its potential to revolutionize agricultural practices. This paper explores the application of nanotechnology in crop protection, nutrient delivery, soil management, and environmental sustainability. Nanopesticides and nanofertilizers represent notable advancements, offering enhanced efficacy, reduced environmental impact, and improved targeted delivery of active ingredients. Nanomaterials such as nanoparticles and nanocapsules encapsulate nutrients and agrochemicals, ensuring gradual release and optimized plant uptake. Nanosensors, based on materials like carbon nanotubes and quantum dots, enable real-time monitoring of soil health, crop growth, and environmental conditions, facilitating precision agriculture. Nanomaterials also play a role in soil remediation and pollution control by degrading pollutants and enhancing soil fertility. Additionally, nanobiotechnology offers eco-friendly solutions for pest and disease management through nanoscale delivery systems for biocontrol agents and plant vaccines. Despite the transformative potential of nanotechnology in agriculture, considerations of safety, regulatory oversight, and ethical implications are essential. Interdisciplinary collaboration and stakeholder engagement will be crucial to harness the full benefits of nanotechnology for sustainable agriculture.

Keywords: Nanotechnology, nanopesticides, nanofertilizers, soil remediation, nanomaterials

How to Cite

Sharma, Sachin, Arvind Kumar Yadav, Mahabir Prasad Yadav, and Shashi Verma. 2024. “Revolutionizing Agriculture With Nanotechnology: Advances, Applications, and Sustainability Considerations”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (7):1-9.


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