Insect Biodegradation of Plastic: A Review

Maharaj Satwika *

Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, 500030, Telangana, India.

N. M. Ramesha

Division of Entomology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110012, India.

Burjikindi Madhuri

Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, 500030, Telangana, India.

Chava Asritha

Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, 500030, Telangana, India.

T. Hemanth

Department of Entomology, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Bapatla-522101, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Kolli Bharghavi

Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, 500030, Telangana, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Plastic poses a persistent threat to various ecosystems and organisms due to its prolonged environmental existence. Traditional methods of managing plastic waste, such as landfill disposal and chemical treatments, have proven environmentally harmful. Despite the recognition of insects as potential agents for plastic degradation, the practical application of this concept remains limited. While the exact mechanisms of insect-mediated plastic breakdown are not fully understood, utilizing insect larvae for this purpose offers advantages such as cost-effectiveness and minimal secondary pollution. This review aims to comprehensively analyze recent research on plastic degradation by insects and microorganisms, shedding light on the processes involved and exploring the potential applications, challenges, and future directions in plastic biodegradation.

Keywords: Biodegradation, challenges, cost-effectiveness, environment, insects, plastic, secondary pollution

How to Cite

Satwika, Maharaj, N. M. Ramesha, Burjikindi Madhuri, Chava Asritha, T. Hemanth, and Kolli Bharghavi. 2024. “Insect Biodegradation of Plastic: A Review”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (7):64-75.


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