Effect of Organic Sources on Properties of Soil on the Cultivation of Greengram (Vigna radiate L.) in Sandy Loam Soil of Middle Gujrat Region

Lakshman *

Department of Agronomy, B.A.C.A., Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 388110, Gujarat, India and Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, 208002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

C.H. Raval

Department of NRM, College of Horticulture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 388110, Gujarat, India.

H. K. Patel

Department of Agronomy, B.A.C.A., Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 388110, Gujarat, India.

Suwa Lal Yadav

Department of Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry, B.A.C.A. Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 388110 Gujarat, India.

Devilal Birla

Department of Agronomy, B.A.C.A., Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 388110, Gujarat, India.

Priyanka Choudhary

Department of Soil Science, PG College of Agriculture, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Samastipur, 848125, Bihar, India.

Manju Choudhary

College of Agriculture Lalsot Duasa, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner, 303329 Rajasthan, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Background: The organic manures (FYN, Vermicompost and Castor cake) has potential to play the role in promoting growth and providing immunity in the plant system, resulting in increase overall yields and improve soil fertility. Hence, the present study was carried out to assess the fertilization effect of organic sources on available nutrients (N, P2O5, K2O), microbial count, organic carbon, EC, pH of soil after cultivation of greengram.

Methods: During semi rabi season 2021, a field experiment was undertaken at the Agronomy Farm, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat, comprising ten nutrient management strategies, laid out in a randomised complete block design with three replications.

Results: Application of 100% Nitrgen through FYM in greengram resulted in significantly higher available nitrogen and organic carbon of soil while significantly higher microbial count found under the application of 75% N through FYM + ST (5ml/kg seed) of Rhizobium + Bio NPK consortium 1L/ha to others.

Keywords: Greengram, organic sources, yield, soil fertility, nutrient stress

How to Cite

Lakshman, C.H. Raval, H. K. Patel, Suwa Lal Yadav, Devilal Birla, Priyanka Choudhary, and Manju Choudhary. 2024. “Effect of Organic Sources on Properties of Soil on the Cultivation of Greengram (Vigna Radiate L.) in Sandy Loam Soil of Middle Gujrat Region”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (7):76-82. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i74253.


Download data is not yet available.


Anonymous. Economic Survey 2018-19, Government of India; 2019a.

Anonymous. Department of Pulses Development, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer welfare, Govt. of India. 2018b; 2017-18.

Asaduzzaman M, Sultana S, Roy TS, Masum SM. Weeding and plant spacing effects on the growth and yield of blackgram. Bangladesh Research Publication Journal. 2010;4(1):62-68.

Azadi E, Rafiee M, Hadis N. The effect of different nitrogen levels on seed yield and morphological characteristic of mung bean in the climate condition of Khorramabad. Annals of Biological Research. 2013;4:51-55.

Chandran MS. The pulses of life. In Proceedings of Conference on Conversation and Sustainable Management of Ecologically Sensitive Regions in Western Ghats. Karnataka, India: Environmental Information System, CES, Indian Institute of Science; 2016.

Panda H. Integrated organic farming handbook. Asia Pacific Business Press Inc; 2013.

Parihar CM, Rana KS, Jat ML, Jat SL, Parihar MD, Kantwa SR, Singh DK, Sharma S. Carbon footprint and economic sustainability of pearl millet-mustard system under different tillage and nutrient management practices in moisture stress conditions. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 2012;6(23):5052-5061.

Giraddi RS. Vermitechnology (in Kannada), CAPART, GOI & University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka. 2001;1-60.

Giraddi RS, Babalad HB, Chandaragi DM. Vermicompost technology. Technical Bul., Univ. of Agric. Sci., Dharwad and DBT, New Delhi. 2006;1-6.

Meena S, Swaroop N, Dawson J. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of green gram (Vigna radiata L.). Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal. 2016;36(1): 63-65.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi; 1973

Subbiah BV, Asija CL. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available N in Soil. Curr. Sci. 1956;25:259-260.

Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanable FS, Dean LA. Estimation of available phosphorous in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA, Cric. 1954;930:19- 23

Walkley A, Black CA. Old piper, S.S. soil and plant analysis. Soil Sci. 1934;37:29-38.

Dhingra O D and Sinclair J B Basic Plant Pathology Methods. CBS publisher Delhi, India. 1993;179.

Prajapati S. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield, quality and economics of summer green gram [Vigna radiata]. (Master’s thesis, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, India); 2014.

David RA, David AA. Response of neem cake rhizobium and inorganic fertilizer on soil health growth and yield of green gram (Vigna radiata L.) var. Samrat. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2017;6(7):815-821.

Kachariya VC. Integrated nutrient management in summer green gram [Vigna radiata] under south Gujarat condition. (Master’s thesis, Navsari Agricultural University, Gujarat, India); 2015.

Shariff AF, Sajjan AS, Babalad HB, Nagaraj LB, Palankar SG. Effect of organics on seed yield and quality of green gram (Vigna radiata L.). Legume Research-An International Journal. 2017;40(2):388-392.

Anonymous. Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES), Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer welfare (Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmer Welfare), Govt. of India; 2018a.

Kumar M, Bharose R, Thomas T, Naga IR. Influenced of vermicompost and biofertilizer on physico-chemical properties of soil under hybrid maize (Zea may L.). International Journal of Plant & Soil Science. 2023;35(15):336–342.Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2023/v35i153114

Rangaswamy N, Kavitha P, Naidu MVS, Reddy UVB. Effect on Soil Properties as Influenced by the Application of FYM Enriched with Zinc Solubilizers and Zinc Sulphate in Maize (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Environment and Climate Change. 2023;13(5):357– 365.Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i51778

Dash PK, Bhattacharyya P, Shahid M, Kumar U, Padhy SR, Swain CK, Nayak AK. Impact of long-term resource conservation techniques on biogeochemical characteristics and biological soil quality indicators in a rice green-gram farming system. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 2023;45(11):7979-7997.

Raval CH, Patel HK, Yadav SL, Birla D, Choudhary P, Choudhary M. Integrated nutrient management on Semi Rabi Green Gram. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science. 2023;35(18):1511-9.

Tak S, Sharma SK, Reager ML. Growth attributes and nutrient uptake of green gram as influenced by Vermicompost and Zinc in arid western Rajasthan. Advance Journal of Crop Improvement. 2013;4 (1):65-69.