Assessing the Impact of Heatwaves on Wheat Crop Health in Ludhiana District Using Remote Sensing Technologies

Raj Godvani

International Agri-Business Management Institute, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat, India.

Chetan R. Dudhagara *

International Agri-Business Management Institute, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Climate change is becoming one of the major constraints for agricultural production. Impact on the crop yield due to unseasonal rain, hailstorms, and sudden temperature rise is becoming more frequent. The study assesses the damage done by the heat wave in the Ludhiana district of Punjab in the year 2021-22. Satellite datasets have been used named Sentinel-2 and MODIS datasets. By using the Sentinel-2 Images crop discrimination was performed and wheat crop mask was generated for the year 2018-19 to 2021-22. A comparison of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was performed for the study period. MODIS dataset was used to calculate the Temperature Condition Index (TCI) and Temperature Stress Index, which reflects the effect of the heat wave that happened in March 2022. APY (Area, Production, Yield) and data on the procurement of wheat for the year 2021-22 and normal years were compared to visualize the impact of heat wave on the various market dynamics such as production, productivity, etc.

Keywords: Climate, heatwave, remote sensing, satellite, APY, wheat crop health


How to Cite

Godvani, Raj, and Chetan R. Dudhagara. 2024. “Assessing the Impact of Heatwaves on Wheat Crop Health in Ludhiana District Using Remote Sensing Technologies”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 14 (7):210-21. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2024/v14i74264.

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