Trend during Growth, Development and Quality Attributes of Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) Fruits: A Review

Shiwanand Pandey *

Department of Horticulture, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Nawabganj, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh-208002, India.

Vivek Kumar Tripathi

Department of Horticulture, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Nawabganj, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh-208002, India.

Ankur Sharma

School of Advance Agriculture Sciences & Technology, CSJM University, Kanpur-208024, India.

Himanshu Trivedi

School of Advance Agriculture Sciences & Technology, CSJM University, Kanpur-208024, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The trends in growth, development and quality attributes of Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) included changes observed during growth and development, namely fruiting behavior, physical properties and biochemical components of the ber fruit at different stages of growth and development. Flowering began in mid-September and ended in mid-November with the peak of the flowering period in mid-October. While the fruit setting was between the third week of September to the first week of December, but the peak fruit initiation period was the last week of September to mid-October. During fruit growth, development and yield attribute the percentage of fruit drop and retention also changes. Ber fruits were harvested in five times collections and the peak yield period was the first week of March. In the physical changes, the study revealed that length, width, weight, volume, pulp weight, and seed weight increased from fruit set to maturity at all stages of growth and development except for specific weight, which first increased in month of mid-November and then decreased when the fruits continued in the harvest phase. The biochemical changes in fruit in terms of total sugars, ascorbic acid, reducing sugars, non-reducing sugars and total sugars increased steadily from fruit set to maturity, when titratable acidity showed a trend decreasing during fruit growth and development.

Keywords: Development, growth, harvesting, maturity, volume

How to Cite

Pandey , S., Tripathi , V. K., Sharma , A., & Trivedi , H. (2023). Trend during Growth, Development and Quality Attributes of Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) Fruits: A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(4), 132–139.


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